2019-04-16 15:00:02 UTC
physicist and mathematician Prof. Frank J. Tipler explaining the Omega
Point cosmology, which is a proof (i.e., mathematical theorem) of
God's existence per the known laws of physics (i.e., the Second Law of
Thermodynamics, General Relativity, and Quantum Mechanics), and the
Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg quantum gravity/Standard Model Theory of
Everything (TOE), which is also required by the known laws of physics.
The sixth section contains an audio interview of Tipler.
I also provide some helpful notes and commentary for some of these
For much more regarding the matters here, see my following article:
* James Redford, "The Physics of God and the Quantum Gravity Theory of
Everything", Social Science Research Network (SSRN), orig. pub. Dec.
19, 2011 (since updated), doi:10.2139/ssrn.1974708,
, https://purl.org/redford/physics-of-god ,
, https://webcitation.org/74HMsJGbP .
The following is my favorite video that I've so far seen of Prof.
* Frank Tipler and Lawrence Krauss, Michael Shermer (Producer), A
Great Debate: Can Physics Prove God and Christianity? (prod. co.:
Skeptics Society [Altadena, Cal.]), run time: 2:13 h:min. Video of a
debate held at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech;
Pasadena, Cal.) on June 3, 2007.
379232130 bytes, MD5: 02652f9e8e71ca7572b0fd64d4e2390a,
, https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B7k4r80YepnxWjhmSlh5bUtXcTQ/edit ,
Prof. Michael Shermer (founder of the Skeptics Society) is the
moderator of the debate. Bill Nye (of the television show Bill Nye the
Science Guy) is among the audience members.
Physicist and mathematician Prof. Frank J. Tipler starts his
presentation at 15:57 min:sec. Tipler points out that we have had a
Theory of Everything (TOE) in physics for some 30 years with the
arrival of the Standard Model of particle physics, since the Standard
Model describes all forces in nature except for gravity. The Standard
Model is a quantum field theory, i.e., it involves Quantum Mechanics
combined with special-relativistic particle physics. And gravity is
described by General Relativity. The problem has been to make General
Relativity and Quantum Mechanics consistent with each other, which
Tipler points out is done with the Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg theory of
quantum gravity when the appropriate boundary conditions on the
universe are used, which includes the initial Big Bang, and the final
Omega Point, cosmological singularities.
Tipler shows a presentation slide listing General Relativity as having
the general linear group of GL(4, R) symmetry group; and the Standard
Model of particle physics as having the Lie group of 3 Lie symmetry
19:33 min:sec ff.: In the 1960s Richard Feynman at Caltech quantized a
spin-2 field using his path integral method. Quantizing a spin-2 field
requires it to be a spacetime metric and imposes the full GL(4, R)
At 19:54 min:sec ff., Tipler points out that the Feynman quantum
gravity theory is unique, i.e., it is the only quantum gravity theory
possible if General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics are correct (cf.
32:11 min:sec ff.), since General Relativity requires gravity to be a
spin-2 field, and the Hulse and Taylor pulsar confirmation of
Einstein's quadrupole formula verified that gravity is a spin-2 field.
General Relativity also states that gravity is a phenomenon of the
curvature of the spacetime metric with observer independence, i.e.,
physics cannot depend locally on the observer, which gives the GL(4,
R) symmetry group of General Relativity.
20:44 min:sec ff.: Steven Weinberg later showed that the Feynman
theory of quantum gravity is renormalizable, which means that the
term-by-term infinities in the Feynman diagrams can be absorbed into
constants, so it is no worse than other quantum field theories.
However, there are actually two sources of infinity in quantum field
theory: the ones that are renormalized away, as previously mentioned;
and the ones that generate the divergence of the power series of the
S-matrix (i.e., scattering matrix).
21:21 min:sec ff.: It has been known for 50 years what the cause of
this series divergence is: it's a bad choice of the vacuum state,
which Freeman Dyson showed in a paper in Physical Review in 1952 (see
F. J. Dyson, "Divergence of Perturbation Theory in Quantum
Electrodynamics", Physical Review, Vol. 85, No. 4 [Feb. 1952], pp.
631-632). Geroch showed that perturbation theory in String Theory also
has a series divergence for essentially the same reason.
22:18 min:sec ff.: Tipler mentions Liouville's Theorem in complex
analysis. One way of stating said Theorem is that all analytic
functions (i.e., holomorphic functions) other than constants have
singularities either a finite distance from the origin of coordinates
or at infinity, which is analogous to what occurs with the universe:
the only way to avoid infinities in spacetime (consequently causing
the instantaneous collapse of the entire universe) is for the universe
to begin and end at singularities. Moreover, it doesn't matter what
form of physics one resorts to, as any physically-realistic cosmology
(e.g., one capable of incorporating Quantum Mechanics, since the
complex number field is intrinsic to the mathematical formulations of
Quantum Mechanics) must begin at an initial singularity and end at a
final singularity. (As Barrow and Tipler wrote, "Initial and final
cosmological curvature singularities are required to avoid a universal
action singularity." See John D. Barrow and Frank J. Tipler, "Action
principles in nature", Nature, Vol. 331, No. 6151 [Jan. 7, 1988], pp.
31-34; see also Frank J. Tipler, "The Structure of the Classical
Cosmological Singularity", in Origin and Early History of the
Universe: Proceedings of the 26th Liège International Astrophyscial
Colloquium, July 1-4, 1986 [Cointe-Ougree, Belgium: Universite de
Liege, Institut d'Astrophysique, 1987], pp. 339-359; "Discussion", pp.
23:23 min:sec ff.: Feynman quantum gravity makes a singularity even
more inevitable than the Penrose-Hawking-Geroch Singularity Theorems,
since the Singularity Theorems assume attractive gravity, whereas with
Feynman quantum gravity the sum-over-histories (i.e., sum-over-paths;
path integral formulation) get arbitrarily close to infinite
curvature. In other words, the multiverse has its own singularity.
24:04 min:sec ff.: Imposing unitarity avoids the spacetime infinities
of quantum field theory, since if there were not a cut-off to the
energies of quantum field theory then miniature black holes would be
created and quickly evaporate, thereby violating unitarity. 25:12
min:sec ff.: This energy cut-off mechanism also means that some
misnomered "constants" increase with cosmic time. 26:21 min:sec ff.:
This mechanism to stabilize quantum field theory only works if there
is an initial singularity and a final singularity and if there are no
event horizons, which also solves the black hole information problem.
26:55 min:sec ff.: The absence of event horizons is only possible if
the universe is spatially closed, and in particular has the spatial
topology of a three-sphere (i.e., 3-sphere; S^3); also, only if the
final singularity is a single point in the Penrose c-boundary
construction, called the Omega Point.
27:18 min:sec ff.: This picks out a global vacuum state which must
define a classical universe now; this means that the wave function of
the universe must have initially been a Dirac delta function, which
explains the observed flatness of the universe without resorting to
nonempirical new physics such as Inflation Theory (requiring the
unobserved inflation field, i.e., inflaton particles), but rather is
simply quantum kinematics: a result of wave-packet spreading (as an
analogy, Tipler gives a version of wave-packet spreading as sound
waves heard around the corner of a building, which is an example of
28:05 min:sec ff.: In such a universe, quantum field theory in the
form of the Bekenstein Bound forces the initial state of the universe
to be homogeneous and isotropic; and it also picks out a unique field
of the Standard Model, the SU(2)_L field which gives the observed
excess of matter over antimatter, whereas the usual boundary condition
used by physicists--which is inconsistent with quantum field
theory--gives a baryon-generating mechanism that produces far too many
photons to baryons. Also, the perturbation spectrum is necessarily
scale-invariant since the universe is necessarily flat (as was
basically shown by Edward Robert Harrison long before Inflation Theory
was even thought of).
29 min ff.: What the above all means is that reality consists of a
multiverse, with each universe in the multiverse starting at an
initial singularity and eventually collapsing into a final
singularity. Said Big Bang initial singularity and Omega Point final
singularity are actually connected by a third singularity: the
All-Presents singularity, which exists at each time for each universe
in the multiverse. That is, there exists three connected hypostases to
existence: the First Cause, the Sustaining Cause, and the Final Cause,
which are not in spacetime but instead are the boundary of space and
time, and which are not themselves subject to any possible form of
physics, i.e., they are quite literally supernatural.
32:11 min:sec ff.: Feynman-Weinberg quantum gravity is the unique
quantization of General Relativity, i.e., it's the only way to
quantize General Relativity, since gravity in General Relativity is a
spin-2 field, and General Relativity is a spacetime metric and
possesses the full GL(4, R) symmetry group. (Herein "unique" means the
only one mathematically possible within the context of parsimony, as
one can always add arbitrary yet small terms which change the output
so insignificantly that no current instruments can measure the
difference, and hence it would presently still conform to experiment,
but such arbitrary terms would not then be parsimonious, since they
are not justified by mathematical necessity [i.e., in order to obtain
a mathematically-consistent theory] nor are they experimentally
justified.) General Relativity is the unique specialization (i.e.,
subset; special case) of Newtonian mechanics with the specification
imposed that Newtonian mechanics be consistent with Maxwell's
Equations, i.e., that the speed of light is the same for all
observers. Elie Cartan showed that in Newtonian mechanics, gravity is
curvature of time only; whereas in General Relativity, gravity is
curvature of space and time, i.e., spacetime (cf. Frank J. Tipler, The
Physics of Christianity [New York: Doubleday, 2007], p. 33; and pp.
79-80 of Frank J. Tipler, "Albert Einstein: A Scientific Reactionary",
pp. 73-83, in John Brockman [Ed.], My Einstein [New York: Vintage
Books, 2007; orig. pub. 2006]). 33 min ff.: Similarly, Quantum
Mechanics is the unique specialization of Newtonian mechanics in its
most powerful formulation, the Hamilton-Jacobi Equation, with the
specification imposed that determinism is maintained: since the
Hamilton-Jacobi Equation is indeterministic, because when particle
trajectories cross paths a singularity is produced (i.e., the values
in the equations become infinite) and so it is not possible to predict
(even in principle) what happens after that (cf. id., The Physics of
Christianity, pp. 48-49; and 7:17 min:sec ff. of Casey Luskin,
interview of Frank Tipler, "Part 1: Einstein Vs. Darwin", Intelligent
Design the Future, Feb. 13, 2013, audio run time: 17:25 min:sec).
33:17 min:sec ff.: For these reasons--the fact that the history of
physics since Newton has been a series of specializations, rather than
generalizations, of fundamental physics--we can be confident that we
have the correct Theory of Everything (TOE) in physics and that there
is not going to be any new physics that comes along to displace the
current known laws of physics. That is, since after Newton's physics,
there has been no "revolution" in physics (e.g., such as with General
Relativity and Quantum Mechanics, etc.), but instead an evolution of
physics: the fundamental physics of today are simply more specific
subsets of Newtonian mechanics, i.e., Newtonian mechanics with
specific constrains put on it in order to make it consistent with
observations and to make its resulting subsets mutually mathematically
consistent with each other. So in over 300 years we have never left
the realm of Newton's physics. And all the forces in physics are now
described and made mutually consistent with the
Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg quantum gravity theory and the Standard Model
of particle physics.
Prof. Tipler then goes on to show how, using only the known laws of
physics, the miracles of Jesus Christ are physically possible. This
process uses baryon annihilation (which is allowed in the Standard
Model, as baryon number minus lepton number, B - L, is conserved), and
its inverse, by way of electroweak quantum tunneling caused via the
Principle of Least Action by the physical requirement that the Omega
Point final cosmological singularity exists. Tipler also proposes that
the virgin birth of Jesus by Mary could be possible via Jesus being a
special type of XX male who obtained all of his genetic material from
Mary (i.e., an instance of parthenogenesis). Tipler concludes that the
Star of Bethlehem was either a Type Ic hypernova located in the
Andromeda Galaxy, or a Type Ia supernova located in a globular cluster
of our own Milky Way Galaxy.
If the Incarnation of Jesus Christ and the miracles attributed to him
in the New Testament were necessary in order to lead to the formation
of the Omega Point--and if the known laws of physics are correct--then
the probability of these events occurring is certain. Furthermore,
Tipler proposes tests on particular relics associated with Jesus
which, if the relics are genuine, could verify whether in fact said
miracles took place via the aforementioned mechanisms.
Physicist Prof. Lawrence M. Krauss starts his presentation at 49:36
min:sec. 52:54 min:sec ff.: Krauss begins by engaging in the logical
fallacy of bare assertion. Krauss asserts that (1) the Standard Model
of particle physics isn't complete; (2) we don't have a consistent
theory of quantum gravity; (3) the universe doesn't have to collapse;
(4) we don't understand the nature of dark energy; and (5) we don't
know why there is more matter than antimatter in the universe.
In answer to Krauss: (1) The Standard Model describes all forces in
nature except for gravity. And gravity is described by General
Relativity. (2) The problem has been to make General Relativity and
Quantum Mechanics consistent with each other, which is done with the
Omega Point/Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg quantum gravity theory. (3) The
universe must collapse in finite proper time or otherwise unitarity
will be violated (see p. 925 [cf. pp. 904-905] of F. J. Tipler, "The
structure of the world from pure numbers", Reports on Progress in
Physics, Vol. 68, No. 4 [Apr. 2005], pp. 897-964). (4) The dark energy
is the positive cosmological constant. As required by the Standard
Model of particle physics, the net baryon number was created in the
early universe by baryogenesis via electroweak quantum tunneling. This
necessarily forces the Higgs field to be in a vacuum state that is not
its absolute vacuum, which is the cause of the observed cosmological
constant. (5) The universe's initial SU(2)_L field of the Standard
Model--which is required by quantum field theory--gives the observed
excess of matter over antimatter. See op. cit. for details on the
Prof. Krauss attempts to rebut Prof. Tipler's proposed mechanism for
the miracles of Jesus Christ by relating how statistically improbable
such events are, yet this doesn't actually address Tipler's arguments
since Tipler's point is that such seemingly improbable events would be
forced to occur by the known laws of physics via the Principle of
Least Action if said events are required in order for the universe to
evolve into the Omega Point final singularity. Krauss himself in his
review of Tipler's book The Physics of Christianity admits that this
mechanism which Tipler proposes for Jesus Christ's miracles is
physically sound if said miracles were necessary in order to lead to
the formation of the Omega Point and if the Omega Point is required in
order for existence to exist (see Lawrence Krauss, "More dangerous
than nonsense", New Scientist, Vol. 194, No. 2603 [May 12, 2007], p.
1:00:52 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss provides a quote from Gerardus 't Hooft,
but as with Krauss's discussion of probabilities, 't Hooft's remarks
are irrelevant to Tipler's actual argument, since 't Hooft is assuming
boundary conditions on the universe which are inconsistent with
quantum field theory rather than the Omega
Point/Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg quantum gravity/Standard Model TOE
boundary conditions which make all the laws of physics mutually
mathematically consistent with each other.
1:02:01 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss provides a quote from Steven Weinberg,
of which again is irrelevant to Tipler's actual argument, since as
with 't Hooft, Weinberg is assuming inconsistent boundary conditions.
Krauss, 't Hooft, and Weinberg are all particle physicists. Whereas
Tipler is not only an expert in quantum field theory (i.e., Quantum
Mechanics combined with special-relativistic particle physics) but
also an expert in Global General Relativity and computer theory.
Furthermore, neither Krauss, 't Hooft, nor Weinberg display any
awareness of Tipler's 2005 Reports on Progress in Physics paper which
presents the technical details of the Omega Point TOE.
1:03:15 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss claims that all the evidence in nature
indicates that the universe will expand forever. Ironically, Krauss
has actually published a paper that greatly helped to strengthen
Tipler's Omega Point cosmology. Some have suggested that the current
acceleration of the universe's expansion due to the positive
cosmological constant would appear to obviate the Omega Point.
However, Profs. Krauss and Turner point out that "there is no set of
cosmological observations we can perform that will unambiguously allow
us to determine what the ultimate destiny of the Universe will be."
(See Lawrence M. Krauss and Michael S. Turner, "Geometry and Destiny",
General Relativity and Gravitation, Vol. 31, No. 10 [Oct. 1999], pp.
1453-1459.) While cosmological observations cannot tell us what the
ultimate fate of the universe will be, the known laws of physics
themselves can, as the universe is forced to end in finite proper time
in order for unitarity to remain unviolated (again, see p. 925 [cf.
pp. 904-905] of id., "The structure of the world from pure numbers",
1:23:06 h:min:sec ff.: Tipler starts his response to Krauss, wherein
Tipler addresses Krauss's claims.
1:29:22 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss starts his second response to Tipler.
1:30:34 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss claims that the laws of physics prevent
sapient life from harnessing baryon annihilation. However, the laws of
physics allow baryon annihilation using electroweak quantum tunneling
via quantum coherence. As Tipler writes, "Atoms have energy levels
that differ by a few electron volts. Quantum coherence among a
trillion atoms would allow the atoms to concentrate the energy
differences of the levels on a single atom, and this would be 10 TeV,
the amount of energy needed for the baryon-annihilation process to go
forward." (See Frank J. Tipler, The Physics of Christianity [New York:
Doubleday, 2007], p. 73.)
1:31:09 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss talks about "the energy of empty space",
by which he means the dark energy. See my above response to Krauss's
previous comments on the dark energy.
1:32:29 h:min:sec ff.: Tipler and Krauss take questions from the
1:35:57 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss claims that we don't understand physics
well enough to know whether unitarity is violated if an astrophysical
black hole were to evaporate.
Regarding proposed solutions to the black hole information issue, all
except for Tipler's Omega Point cosmology share the common feature of
using proposed new laws of physics that have never been experimentally
confirmed--and indeed which violate the known laws of physics--such as
with Prof. Stephen Hawking's paper on the black hole information issue
which is dependent on the conjectured String Theory-based anti-de
Sitter space/conformal field theory correspondence (AdS/CFT
correspondence). (See S. W. Hawking, "Information loss in black
holes", Physical Review D, Vol. 72, No. 8 [Oct. 15, 2005], Art. No.
084013, 4 pp.) Hence, the end of the universe in finite proper time
via collapse before a black hole completely evaporates is required if
unitarity is to remain unviolated, i.e., if General Relativity and
Quantum Mechanics--which are what the proofs of Hawking radiation
derive from--are true statements of how the world works.
1:42:13 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss invokes the Christ myth theory,
including incorrectly claiming that nearly every religion has had
Regarding the Christ myth theory, virtually all the items which the
Christ myth theorists claim as facts which show the parallels of
Christianity with earlier pagan religions are completely fabricated
modern claims that can't be found in the historical record. For an
excellent discussion on this, see the following video:
* "Shattering the Christ Myth", DrCraigJohnson (YouTube), Apr. 17,
2009, https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLA843654F0F6D4DA8 .
Mirror: "Veritas Forum: Shattering the Christ Myth", Bethel Christian
Fellowship, 26:39 min:sec,
, https://bit.ly/2PzXxtV .
The above video is an interview of James Patrick Holding (editor of
Shattering the Christ Myth: Did Jesus Not Exist? [Maitland, Fla.:
Xulon Press, 2008], https://amazon.com/dp/1606472712 ) by Dr. Craig
Johnson on the topic of the Christ myth theory. See also the below
resources regarding the Christ myth theory on J. P. Holding's website:
* "Were Bible stories and characters stolen from pagan myths?", Tekton
Education and Apologetics Ministry,
* "Did Jesus exist?", op. cit.,
1:47:06 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss agrees that the only hope for eternal
life is in a collapsing universe.
1:48:06 h:min:sec ff.: An audience member asks Tipler about Matthew
10:23, Mark 9:1 and John 5:25 as being examples of where Jesus Christ
incorrectly thought that the End Time was imminent, i.e., within
Jesus's own generation.
Matthew 10:23, New King James Version (NKJV) states, "When they
persecute you in this city, flee to another. For assuredly, I say to
you, you will not have gone through the cities of Israel before the
Son of Man comes." And indeed they did not go through all the cities
of Israel before they died, and hence before Christ's Second Coming.
Mark 9:1, NKJV (cf. Matthew 16:28; Luke 9:27) states, "And He said to
them, 'Assuredly, I say to you that there are some standing here who
will not taste death till they see the kingdom of God present with
power.'" And then the very next passages concern Christ's
Transfiguration, whereby Heaven was also shown.
John 5:25, NKJV states, "Most assuredly, I say to you, the hour is
coming, and now is, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of
God; and those who hear will live." But the next passages, John
5:26-29, go on to state, "For as the Father has life in Himself, so He
has granted the Son to have life in Himself, and has given Him
authority to execute judgment also, because He is the Son of Man. Do
not marvel at this; for the hour is coming in which all who are in the
graves will hear His voice and come forth--those who have done good,
to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil, to the
resurrection of condemnation." These passages relate to Jesus's
statement that "I am the resurrection and the life." (John 11:25,
NKJV. Cf. John 8:12 [cf. 1 John 1:5]; 14:6.) In other words, those
raised from death are already existing within Jesus Christ in His
transcendent Second Person aspect, since the Father and the Son are
One (see Isaiah 9:6; John 10:30; 14:6-13). So when Jesus said this, it
was a different way of saying that the Resurrection and the Life stood
there before them right then in His human aspect.
So in each of these scripture passages which this audience member gave
as examples of Christ getting some things wrong are all examples of
Him being correct.
Sometimes people also give Matthew 24:32-35 as being an example of
Christ making an incorrect prophecy. However, "this generation"
referred to in Matthew 24:34 concerns the generation which witnesses
the signs of the End Time which Jesus discusses.
2:02:13 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss talks about Newtonian mechanics being
replaced by General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics, and hence that
we shouldn't be surprised that the current known laws of physics might
also be replaced. However, as Tipler pointed out in his presentation,
the fundamental physics of today are simply more specific subsets of
Newtonian mechanics, i.e., Newtonian mechanics with specific
constrains put on it in order to make it consistent with observations
and to make its resulting subsets mutually mathematically consistent
with each other. Hence, we have never left the realm of Newton's
physics. And all the forces in physics are now described and made
mutually consistent with the Omega Point/Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg
quantum gravity/Standard Model TOE. (See above for more on that.)
2:03:26 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss states that the Standard Model of
particle physics produces nonsense answers when pushed to high enough
energies, as does Quantum Electrodynamics (QED). However, as Tipler
previously pointed out in his presentation, imposing unitarity avoids
the spacetime infinities of quantum field theory, since if there were
not a cut-off to the energies of quantum field theory then miniature
black holes would be created and quickly evaporate, thereby violating
unitarity. Krauss also gives the infinities of quantum field theory as
a reason for thinking that new forms of physics will be required at
higher energy scales. However, this mechanism to the energy cut-off
also allows the energies to gradually scale to infinity during the
collapse phase of the universe (the energies only become actually
infinite at the cosmological singularity), which means that there is
no need for new physics at higher energy scales.
* * * * *
Since the Omega Point/Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg quantum gravity/Standard
Model Theory of Everything (TOE) is mathematically required by the
known laws of physics, of which said physical laws have been confirmed
by every experiment to date, the only way Krauss could have actually
argued against Tipler is to argue that the known laws of physics might
be wrong. But because those physical laws have been confirmed by every
experiment to date, there exists no rational reason to think that they
are wrong. Hence, Krauss's irrelevant arguments (or bare assertions,
as Krauss also engaged in) against Tipler were unavoidable, since
Krauss set himself a logically-impossible task.
For details on the Omega Point TOE, see the following paper by Prof.
* F. J. Tipler, "The structure of the world from pure numbers",
Reports on Progress in Physics, Vol. 68, No. 4 (Apr. 2005), pp.
897-964, doi:10.1088/0034-4885/68/4/R04, bibcode: 2005RPPh...68..897T,
https://webcitation.org/6GiCQuDCk . Also released as Frank J. Tipler,
"Feynman-Weinberg Quantum Gravity and the Extended Standard Model as a
Theory of Everything", arXiv:0704.3276, Apr. 24, 2007,
The following is the first article on the Omega Point TOE:
* Frank J. Tipler, "Genesis: How the Universe Began According to
Standard Model Particle Physics", arXiv:astro-ph/0111520, Nov. 28,
2001, https://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0111520 . For images that go with
the article, see "Frank J. Tipler, Diagrams", Theophysics: God Is the
Ultimate Physicist, https://webcitation.org/61sKVnDDA .
For the details regarding the point Prof. Tipler made in his
presentation about how modern physics (i.e., General Relativity,
Quantum Mechanics, and the Standard Model of particle physics) are
simply special cases of classical mechanics (i.e., Newtonian
mechanics, particularly in its most powerful formulation of the
Hamilton-Jacobi Equation), see the following articles:
* Frank J. Tipler, "The Obama-Tribe 'Curvature of Constitutional
Space' Paper is Crackpot Physics", Social Science Research Network
(SSRN), Oct. 26, 2008, 45 pp., doi:10.2139/ssrn.1271310,
* Maurice J. Dupré and Frank J. Tipler, "General Relativity as an
Æther Theory", International Journal of Modern Physics D, Vol. 21, No.
2 (Feb. 2012), Art. No. 1250011, 16 pp.,
doi:10.1142/S0218271812500113, bibcode: 2012IJMPD..2150011D,
http://worldscientific.com/doi/abs/10.1142/S0218271812500113 . Also at
arXiv:1007.4572, July 26, 2010, https://arxiv.org/abs/1007.4572 .
* Frank J. Tipler, "Hamilton-Jacobi Many-Worlds Theory and the
Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle", arXiv:1007.4566, July 26, 2010,
The foregoing articles, in addition to many other papers by Prof.
Tipler on the Omega Point cosmology, are also available in the below
* Frank-J-Tipler-Omega-Point-Papers.zip , 26712158 bytes, MD5:
6e5d29b994bc2f9aa4210d72ef37ab68, https://webcitation.org/6GjhT6t52 ,
, https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B7k4r80YepnxNjNOX2x0XzBOV00/edit ,
In the longer video below, Prof. Tipler gives a popular-audience
explanation of the Omega Point cosmology and how the miracles of Jesus
Christ are allowed by the known laws of physics:
* Jennifer Mayerle, "Does God Exist?", CBS 46 News (WGCL-TV, Atlanta,
Ga.), Nov. 13, 2008. In addition to video of the television news
report, also contains a 1:08:33 h:min:sec video of a lecture by Prof.
Tipler on the Omega Point cosmology.
Frank-Tipler-Does-God-Exist-CBS-46-WGCL-2008-11-13.zip , 130201087
bytes, MD5: 63eb6e6eeffb5176bc6590015fd08370,
, https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B7k4r80YepnxYnlhYWFXNWtIeEE/edit ,
In the following video, Prof. Tipler discusses how the collapse of the
universe is required in order for immortality to exist, and Tipler
explains how the universe's collapse will be forced by sapient life:
* Frank Tipler, "The Physics of Immortality, Threats to Terran
Society, & Self-Replicating Nanotechnology", First Annual Workshop on
Geoethical Nanotechnology (prod. co.: Terasem Movement, Inc.
[Melbourne Beach, Fla.]), run time: 33 min. Video of a lecture Tipler
gave at the Terasem Retreat in Lincoln, Vt. on July 20, 2005.
Frank-Tipler-Lecture-Terasem-Movement-2005-7-20.wmv , 263859603 bytes,
, https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B7k4r80Yepnxc0NoRzZVdEZILUk/edit ,
Video file source:
* "Program for 1st Annual Workshop on Geoethical Nanotechnology",
Terasem Movement, July 20, 2005,
, https://webcitation.org/6FPIMiykv ;
Microsoft PowerPoint presentation:
* Frank Tipler, "The Universe's Acceleration Must Stop If Life Is to
Survive Forever", 10 pp.,
, https://webcitation.org/6FH8MuR3q .
Transcript of Prof. Tipler's above lecture:
* Frank Tipler and Ray Kurzweil, "The Physics of Immortality, Threats
to Terran Society, & Self-Replicating Nanotechnology, and An Exchange
Between Frank Tipler and Ray Kurzweil Regarding Ways to Avoid an End
to the Universe", Journal of Geoethical Nanotechnology, Vol. 1, No. 1
(1st quarter 2006); adapted from a lecture given by Frank Tipler at
the First Annual Workshop on Geoethical Nanotechnology on July 20,
, http://www.terasemjournals.org/GNJournal/GN0101/tipler_01g.html .
* Chauncy Glover, "Man says equation proves God exists", Action News
(WTEV-TV CBS 47 and WAWS Fox 30, Jacksonville, Fla.), May 17, 2010.
Frank-Tipler-CBS-47-WTEV-Fox-30-WAWS-2010-5-17.zip , 16320134 bytes,
, https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B7k4r80YepnxLXpRY05PVWhuaWs/edit ,
Note that the news article misattributes the statement "Everything in
here is correct and his interpretation of the equation is correct.
..." to Tipler, when in fact as the video of the report makes clear,
it was Prof. Paul Richard Simony, head of the Department of Physics at
Jacksonville University, who made this statement.
In the below video, Prof. Tipler's presentation starts at 41:32
min:sec and ends at 1:26:08 h:min:sec. Tipler's talk was part of the
Turing Church Online Workshop 2 (prod. co.: Turing Church
[turingchurch.com, telexlr8.wordpress.com]), held on December 11,
* "JH-MR-FT-RS Turing Church Online Workshop", telexlr8 (YouTube),
Dec. 12, 2011, run time: 2:09:16 h:min:sec.,
The following video is an excerpt of Tipler's above presentation:
* "FT Turing Church Online Workshop", telexlr8 (YouTube), Dec. 13,
2011, run time: 21:47 min:sec.,
Below is my commentary on the foregoing videos. The times given below
are for the shorter video above (i.e., the excerpt video).
2:40 min:sec ff.: General Relativity is Newtonian mechanics made
consistent with the requirement that the speed of light is the same
for all observers. The speed of light being the same for all observers
is an automatic consequence of Maxwell's Equations, which was first
shown by Hendrik Lorentz and then Albert Einstein.
3:20 min:sec ff.: James Clerk Maxwell obtained his Equations because
there were five fundamental laws coming from experiment: Faraday's
Law; Gauss's Law; Ampère's Law; No Magnetic Monopoles; and
Conservation of Electric Charge. Maxwell realized that these laws were
mutually mathematically inconsistent: the Conservation of Electric
Charge directly contradicts Ampère's Law. So what Maxwell did was add
a term to Ampère's Law which made it consistent with the other
equations. Maxwell was left with only four equations, but the
Conservation of Electric Charge could be derived from them. However,
Maxwell's Equations meant that the speed of light had to be the same
for all observers.
4:10 min:sec ff.: Elie Cartan showed that in Newtonian mechanics,
gravity is curvature of time only; whereas in General Relativity,
gravity is curvature of space and time, i.e., spacetime (cf. Frank J.
Tipler, The Physics of Christianity [New York: Doubleday, 2007], p.
33; and pp. 79-80 of Frank J. Tipler, "Albert Einstein: A Scientific
Reactionary", pp. 73-83, in John Brockman [Ed.], My Einstein [New
York: Vintage Books, 2007; orig. pub. 2006]). When Lorentz and
Einstein's insight regarding the speed of light being the same for all
observers is combined with Newtonian mechanics, then the Newton
equations automatically become the Einstein equations.
5:05 min:sec ff.: Quantum Mechanics is a subset of Newtonian mechanics
in the most general form of Newtonian mechanics, called the
Hamilton-Jacobi Equation, as was independently shown by Lev Landau and
Hence, there was no scientific revolution in the 20th century: what we
are in fact doing when we use General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics
is using subsets of Newtonian mechanics. Consequently, since all the
forces in nature have been described and made consistent with each
other (i.e., in the form of the Omega Point/Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg
quantum gravity/Standard Model TOE), we have a Theory of Everything
(TOE) in physics.
6:12 min:sec ff.: Tipler then goes on to show how the Omega Point
cosmology is forced by the known laws of physics.
13:30 min:sec ff.: Tipler discusses quantum indistinguishability,
which has been confirmed by many experiments.
18:56 min:sec ff.: There are still infinities in quantum field theory
which are not eliminated by renormalization, as has been known since
Freeman Dyson's work on this issue more than 50 years ago. However,
when one takes into account the requirement imposed by unitarity that
the universe must end in finite proper time, these nonrenormalizable
infinities in quantum field theory and in Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg
quantum gravity can be absorbed into the final singularity so that
they never appear within spacetime, whereas the typical boundary
conditions used by physicists make quantum field theory inconsistent
19:50 min:sec ff.: Imposing the Hawking boundary conditions (i.e.,
that the universe must end in finite proper time in order to avoid the
violation of unitarity) on standard quantum field theory and standard
quantum gravity theory (i.e., the Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg theory of
quantum gravity) makes these theories fully mathematically consistent.
One thereby obtains a full theory of quantum gravity, of which quantum
gravity theory makes the Standard Model of particle physics fully
finite within spacetime, which means that with said
Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg quantum gravity theory and the Standard Model
of particle physics one has a full Theory of Everything in physics
which is fully mathematically consistent, is finite within spacetime,
and is in full agreement with experiment.
21:10 min:sec ff.: The Wheeler-DeWitt Equation is fully mathematically
consistent with Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg quantum gravity once the same
aforesaid boundary conditions are imposed.
The below audio interview of Prof. Frank Tipler by Casey Luskin for
the Intelligent Design the Future (ID the Future [IDTF];
http://idthefuture.com ) podcast was recorded circa February 11, 2013:
* "Part 1: Einstein Vs. Darwin", Feb. 13, 2013, run time: 17:25
, https://webcitation.org/6ER9vOCSX .
* "Part 2: Einstein Vs. Darwin", Feb. 15, 2013, run time: 13:54
, https://webcitation.org/6ESvK1hGX .
* "Part 3: Einstein Vs. Darwin", Feb. 20, 2013, run time: 10:43
, https://webcitation.org/6EaXBoyA7 .
* "Frank Tipler: Could Einstein Be Published Under Today's Peer-Review
Policies?", Feb. 27, 2013, run time: 13:44 min:sec,
, https://webcitation.org/6Elz3HRgg .
James Redford, author of "Jesus Is an Anarchist", Social Science
Research Network (SSRN), Dec. 4, 2011 (orig. pub. Dec. 19, 2001),
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1337761, https://bit.ly/28RpKrS ,
Theophysics: God Is the Ultimate Physicist (a website with information
on Prof. Frank J. Tipler's Omega Point Theorem and the quantum gravity
Theory of Everything [TOE]), https://archive.org/details/Theophysics ,
http://theophysics.host56.com , http://theophysics.epizy.com