James Redford

2019-04-16 15:00:02 UTC

Below are five sections which contain very informative videos of

physicist and mathematician Prof. Frank J. Tipler explaining the Omega

Point cosmology, which is a proof (i.e., mathematical theorem) of

God's existence per the known laws of physics (i.e., the Second Law of

Thermodynamics, General Relativity, and Quantum Mechanics), and the

Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg quantum gravity/Standard Model Theory of

Everything (TOE), which is also required by the known laws of physics.

The sixth section contains an audio interview of Tipler.

I also provide some helpful notes and commentary for some of these

videos.

For much more regarding the matters here, see my following article:

* James Redford, "The Physics of God and the Quantum Gravity Theory of

Everything", Social Science Research Network (SSRN), orig. pub. Dec.

19, 2011 (since updated), doi:10.2139/ssrn.1974708,

https://archive.org/download/ThePhysicsOfGodAndTheQuantumGravityTheoryOfEverything/Redford-Physics-of-God.pdf

, https://purl.org/redford/physics-of-god ,

https://sites.google.com/site/physicotheism/home/Redford-Physics-of-God.pdf

, https://webcitation.org/74HMsJGbP .

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The following is my favorite video that I've so far seen of Prof.

Tipler:

* Frank Tipler and Lawrence Krauss, Michael Shermer (Producer), A

Great Debate: Can Physics Prove God and Christianity? (prod. co.:

Skeptics Society [Altadena, Cal.]), run time: 2:13 h:min. Video of a

debate held at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech;

Pasadena, Cal.) on June 3, 2007.

Frank-Tipler-vs-Lawrence-Krauss-Debate-Caltech-2007-6-3.mp4 ,

379232130 bytes, MD5: 02652f9e8e71ca7572b0fd64d4e2390a,

https://www.amazon.com/clouddrive/share/E1Ir4NIbzolrs9TwiA14y3LEF6mmx8LXoWV6kw4AxOJ

, https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B7k4r80YepnxWjhmSlh5bUtXcTQ/edit ,

https://mega.nz/#!fuwBiaBR!bWEuKgqyNhekPE0dXj7oczViRmMyfYXQeiyKH1OtjrM

.

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Prof. Michael Shermer (founder of the Skeptics Society) is the

moderator of the debate. Bill Nye (of the television show Bill Nye the

Science Guy) is among the audience members.

Physicist and mathematician Prof. Frank J. Tipler starts his

presentation at 15:57 min:sec. Tipler points out that we have had a

Theory of Everything (TOE) in physics for some 30 years with the

arrival of the Standard Model of particle physics, since the Standard

Model describes all forces in nature except for gravity. The Standard

Model is a quantum field theory, i.e., it involves Quantum Mechanics

combined with special-relativistic particle physics. And gravity is

described by General Relativity. The problem has been to make General

Relativity and Quantum Mechanics consistent with each other, which

Tipler points out is done with the Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg theory of

quantum gravity when the appropriate boundary conditions on the

universe are used, which includes the initial Big Bang, and the final

Omega Point, cosmological singularities.

Tipler shows a presentation slide listing General Relativity as having

the general linear group of GL(4, R) symmetry group; and the Standard

Model of particle physics as having the Lie group of 3 Lie symmetry

group.

19:33 min:sec ff.: In the 1960s Richard Feynman at Caltech quantized a

spin-2 field using his path integral method. Quantizing a spin-2 field

requires it to be a spacetime metric and imposes the full GL(4, R)

symmetry group.

At 19:54 min:sec ff., Tipler points out that the Feynman quantum

gravity theory is unique, i.e., it is the only quantum gravity theory

possible if General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics are correct (cf.

32:11 min:sec ff.), since General Relativity requires gravity to be a

spin-2 field, and the Hulse and Taylor pulsar confirmation of

Einstein's quadrupole formula verified that gravity is a spin-2 field.

General Relativity also states that gravity is a phenomenon of the

curvature of the spacetime metric with observer independence, i.e.,

physics cannot depend locally on the observer, which gives the GL(4,

R) symmetry group of General Relativity.

20:44 min:sec ff.: Steven Weinberg later showed that the Feynman

theory of quantum gravity is renormalizable, which means that the

term-by-term infinities in the Feynman diagrams can be absorbed into

constants, so it is no worse than other quantum field theories.

However, there are actually two sources of infinity in quantum field

theory: the ones that are renormalized away, as previously mentioned;

and the ones that generate the divergence of the power series of the

S-matrix (i.e., scattering matrix).

21:21 min:sec ff.: It has been known for 50 years what the cause of

this series divergence is: it's a bad choice of the vacuum state,

which Freeman Dyson showed in a paper in Physical Review in 1952 (see

F. J. Dyson, "Divergence of Perturbation Theory in Quantum

Electrodynamics", Physical Review, Vol. 85, No. 4 [Feb. 1952], pp.

631-632). Geroch showed that perturbation theory in String Theory also

has a series divergence for essentially the same reason.

22:18 min:sec ff.: Tipler mentions Liouville's Theorem in complex

analysis. One way of stating said Theorem is that all analytic

functions (i.e., holomorphic functions) other than constants have

singularities either a finite distance from the origin of coordinates

or at infinity, which is analogous to what occurs with the universe:

the only way to avoid infinities in spacetime (consequently causing

the instantaneous collapse of the entire universe) is for the universe

to begin and end at singularities. Moreover, it doesn't matter what

form of physics one resorts to, as any physically-realistic cosmology

(e.g., one capable of incorporating Quantum Mechanics, since the

complex number field is intrinsic to the mathematical formulations of

Quantum Mechanics) must begin at an initial singularity and end at a

final singularity. (As Barrow and Tipler wrote, "Initial and final

cosmological curvature singularities are required to avoid a universal

action singularity." See John D. Barrow and Frank J. Tipler, "Action

principles in nature", Nature, Vol. 331, No. 6151 [Jan. 7, 1988], pp.

31-34; see also Frank J. Tipler, "The Structure of the Classical

Cosmological Singularity", in Origin and Early History of the

Universe: Proceedings of the 26th Liège International Astrophyscial

Colloquium, July 1-4, 1986 [Cointe-Ougree, Belgium: Universite de

Liege, Institut d'Astrophysique, 1987], pp. 339-359; "Discussion", pp.

360-361.)

23:23 min:sec ff.: Feynman quantum gravity makes a singularity even

more inevitable than the Penrose-Hawking-Geroch Singularity Theorems,

since the Singularity Theorems assume attractive gravity, whereas with

Feynman quantum gravity the sum-over-histories (i.e., sum-over-paths;

path integral formulation) get arbitrarily close to infinite

curvature. In other words, the multiverse has its own singularity.

24:04 min:sec ff.: Imposing unitarity avoids the spacetime infinities

of quantum field theory, since if there were not a cut-off to the

energies of quantum field theory then miniature black holes would be

created and quickly evaporate, thereby violating unitarity. 25:12

min:sec ff.: This energy cut-off mechanism also means that some

misnomered "constants" increase with cosmic time. 26:21 min:sec ff.:

This mechanism to stabilize quantum field theory only works if there

is an initial singularity and a final singularity and if there are no

event horizons, which also solves the black hole information problem.

26:55 min:sec ff.: The absence of event horizons is only possible if

the universe is spatially closed, and in particular has the spatial

topology of a three-sphere (i.e., 3-sphere; S^3); also, only if the

final singularity is a single point in the Penrose c-boundary

construction, called the Omega Point.

27:18 min:sec ff.: This picks out a global vacuum state which must

define a classical universe now; this means that the wave function of

the universe must have initially been a Dirac delta function, which

explains the observed flatness of the universe without resorting to

nonempirical new physics such as Inflation Theory (requiring the

unobserved inflation field, i.e., inflaton particles), but rather is

simply quantum kinematics: a result of wave-packet spreading (as an

analogy, Tipler gives a version of wave-packet spreading as sound

waves heard around the corner of a building, which is an example of

wave diffraction).

28:05 min:sec ff.: In such a universe, quantum field theory in the

form of the Bekenstein Bound forces the initial state of the universe

to be homogeneous and isotropic; and it also picks out a unique field

of the Standard Model, the SU(2)_L field which gives the observed

excess of matter over antimatter, whereas the usual boundary condition

used by physicists--which is inconsistent with quantum field

theory--gives a baryon-generating mechanism that produces far too many

photons to baryons. Also, the perturbation spectrum is necessarily

scale-invariant since the universe is necessarily flat (as was

basically shown by Edward Robert Harrison long before Inflation Theory

was even thought of).

29 min ff.: What the above all means is that reality consists of a

multiverse, with each universe in the multiverse starting at an

initial singularity and eventually collapsing into a final

singularity. Said Big Bang initial singularity and Omega Point final

singularity are actually connected by a third singularity: the

All-Presents singularity, which exists at each time for each universe

in the multiverse. That is, there exists three connected hypostases to

existence: the First Cause, the Sustaining Cause, and the Final Cause,

which are not in spacetime but instead are the boundary of space and

time, and which are not themselves subject to any possible form of

physics, i.e., they are quite literally supernatural.

32:11 min:sec ff.: Feynman-Weinberg quantum gravity is the unique

quantization of General Relativity, i.e., it's the only way to

quantize General Relativity, since gravity in General Relativity is a

spin-2 field, and General Relativity is a spacetime metric and

possesses the full GL(4, R) symmetry group. (Herein "unique" means the

only one mathematically possible within the context of parsimony, as

one can always add arbitrary yet small terms which change the output

so insignificantly that no current instruments can measure the

difference, and hence it would presently still conform to experiment,

but such arbitrary terms would not then be parsimonious, since they

are not justified by mathematical necessity [i.e., in order to obtain

a mathematically-consistent theory] nor are they experimentally

justified.) General Relativity is the unique specialization (i.e.,

subset; special case) of Newtonian mechanics with the specification

imposed that Newtonian mechanics be consistent with Maxwell's

Equations, i.e., that the speed of light is the same for all

observers. Elie Cartan showed that in Newtonian mechanics, gravity is

curvature of time only; whereas in General Relativity, gravity is

curvature of space and time, i.e., spacetime (cf. Frank J. Tipler, The

Physics of Christianity [New York: Doubleday, 2007], p. 33; and pp.

79-80 of Frank J. Tipler, "Albert Einstein: A Scientific Reactionary",

pp. 73-83, in John Brockman [Ed.], My Einstein [New York: Vintage

Books, 2007; orig. pub. 2006]). 33 min ff.: Similarly, Quantum

Mechanics is the unique specialization of Newtonian mechanics in its

most powerful formulation, the Hamilton-Jacobi Equation, with the

specification imposed that determinism is maintained: since the

Hamilton-Jacobi Equation is indeterministic, because when particle

trajectories cross paths a singularity is produced (i.e., the values

in the equations become infinite) and so it is not possible to predict

(even in principle) what happens after that (cf. id., The Physics of

Christianity, pp. 48-49; and 7:17 min:sec ff. of Casey Luskin,

interview of Frank Tipler, "Part 1: Einstein Vs. Darwin", Intelligent

Design the Future, Feb. 13, 2013, audio run time: 17:25 min:sec).

33:17 min:sec ff.: For these reasons--the fact that the history of

physics since Newton has been a series of specializations, rather than

generalizations, of fundamental physics--we can be confident that we

have the correct Theory of Everything (TOE) in physics and that there

is not going to be any new physics that comes along to displace the

current known laws of physics. That is, since after Newton's physics,

there has been no "revolution" in physics (e.g., such as with General

Relativity and Quantum Mechanics, etc.), but instead an evolution of

physics: the fundamental physics of today are simply more specific

subsets of Newtonian mechanics, i.e., Newtonian mechanics with

specific constrains put on it in order to make it consistent with

observations and to make its resulting subsets mutually mathematically

consistent with each other. So in over 300 years we have never left

the realm of Newton's physics. And all the forces in physics are now

described and made mutually consistent with the

Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg quantum gravity theory and the Standard Model

of particle physics.

Prof. Tipler then goes on to show how, using only the known laws of

physics, the miracles of Jesus Christ are physically possible. This

process uses baryon annihilation (which is allowed in the Standard

Model, as baryon number minus lepton number, B - L, is conserved), and

its inverse, by way of electroweak quantum tunneling caused via the

Principle of Least Action by the physical requirement that the Omega

Point final cosmological singularity exists. Tipler also proposes that

the virgin birth of Jesus by Mary could be possible via Jesus being a

special type of XX male who obtained all of his genetic material from

Mary (i.e., an instance of parthenogenesis). Tipler concludes that the

Star of Bethlehem was either a Type Ic hypernova located in the

Andromeda Galaxy, or a Type Ia supernova located in a globular cluster

of our own Milky Way Galaxy.

If the Incarnation of Jesus Christ and the miracles attributed to him

in the New Testament were necessary in order to lead to the formation

of the Omega Point--and if the known laws of physics are correct--then

the probability of these events occurring is certain. Furthermore,

Tipler proposes tests on particular relics associated with Jesus

which, if the relics are genuine, could verify whether in fact said

miracles took place via the aforementioned mechanisms.

Physicist Prof. Lawrence M. Krauss starts his presentation at 49:36

min:sec. 52:54 min:sec ff.: Krauss begins by engaging in the logical

fallacy of bare assertion. Krauss asserts that (1) the Standard Model

of particle physics isn't complete; (2) we don't have a consistent

theory of quantum gravity; (3) the universe doesn't have to collapse;

(4) we don't understand the nature of dark energy; and (5) we don't

know why there is more matter than antimatter in the universe.

In answer to Krauss: (1) The Standard Model describes all forces in

nature except for gravity. And gravity is described by General

Relativity. (2) The problem has been to make General Relativity and

Quantum Mechanics consistent with each other, which is done with the

Omega Point/Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg quantum gravity theory. (3) The

universe must collapse in finite proper time or otherwise unitarity

will be violated (see p. 925 [cf. pp. 904-905] of F. J. Tipler, "The

structure of the world from pure numbers", Reports on Progress in

Physics, Vol. 68, No. 4 [Apr. 2005], pp. 897-964). (4) The dark energy

is the positive cosmological constant. As required by the Standard

Model of particle physics, the net baryon number was created in the

early universe by baryogenesis via electroweak quantum tunneling. This

necessarily forces the Higgs field to be in a vacuum state that is not

its absolute vacuum, which is the cause of the observed cosmological

constant. (5) The universe's initial SU(2)_L field of the Standard

Model--which is required by quantum field theory--gives the observed

excess of matter over antimatter. See op. cit. for details on the

foregoing matters.

Prof. Krauss attempts to rebut Prof. Tipler's proposed mechanism for

the miracles of Jesus Christ by relating how statistically improbable

such events are, yet this doesn't actually address Tipler's arguments

since Tipler's point is that such seemingly improbable events would be

forced to occur by the known laws of physics via the Principle of

Least Action if said events are required in order for the universe to

evolve into the Omega Point final singularity. Krauss himself in his

review of Tipler's book The Physics of Christianity admits that this

mechanism which Tipler proposes for Jesus Christ's miracles is

physically sound if said miracles were necessary in order to lead to

the formation of the Omega Point and if the Omega Point is required in

order for existence to exist (see Lawrence Krauss, "More dangerous

than nonsense", New Scientist, Vol. 194, No. 2603 [May 12, 2007], p.

53).

1:00:52 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss provides a quote from Gerardus 't Hooft,

but as with Krauss's discussion of probabilities, 't Hooft's remarks

are irrelevant to Tipler's actual argument, since 't Hooft is assuming

boundary conditions on the universe which are inconsistent with

quantum field theory rather than the Omega

Point/Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg quantum gravity/Standard Model TOE

boundary conditions which make all the laws of physics mutually

mathematically consistent with each other.

1:02:01 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss provides a quote from Steven Weinberg,

of which again is irrelevant to Tipler's actual argument, since as

with 't Hooft, Weinberg is assuming inconsistent boundary conditions.

Krauss, 't Hooft, and Weinberg are all particle physicists. Whereas

Tipler is not only an expert in quantum field theory (i.e., Quantum

Mechanics combined with special-relativistic particle physics) but

also an expert in Global General Relativity and computer theory.

Furthermore, neither Krauss, 't Hooft, nor Weinberg display any

awareness of Tipler's 2005 Reports on Progress in Physics paper which

presents the technical details of the Omega Point TOE.

1:03:15 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss claims that all the evidence in nature

indicates that the universe will expand forever. Ironically, Krauss

has actually published a paper that greatly helped to strengthen

Tipler's Omega Point cosmology. Some have suggested that the current

acceleration of the universe's expansion due to the positive

cosmological constant would appear to obviate the Omega Point.

However, Profs. Krauss and Turner point out that "there is no set of

cosmological observations we can perform that will unambiguously allow

us to determine what the ultimate destiny of the Universe will be."

(See Lawrence M. Krauss and Michael S. Turner, "Geometry and Destiny",

General Relativity and Gravitation, Vol. 31, No. 10 [Oct. 1999], pp.

1453-1459.) While cosmological observations cannot tell us what the

ultimate fate of the universe will be, the known laws of physics

themselves can, as the universe is forced to end in finite proper time

in order for unitarity to remain unviolated (again, see p. 925 [cf.

pp. 904-905] of id., "The structure of the world from pure numbers",

op. cit.).

1:23:06 h:min:sec ff.: Tipler starts his response to Krauss, wherein

Tipler addresses Krauss's claims.

1:29:22 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss starts his second response to Tipler.

1:30:34 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss claims that the laws of physics prevent

sapient life from harnessing baryon annihilation. However, the laws of

physics allow baryon annihilation using electroweak quantum tunneling

via quantum coherence. As Tipler writes, "Atoms have energy levels

that differ by a few electron volts. Quantum coherence among a

trillion atoms would allow the atoms to concentrate the energy

differences of the levels on a single atom, and this would be 10 TeV,

the amount of energy needed for the baryon-annihilation process to go

forward." (See Frank J. Tipler, The Physics of Christianity [New York:

Doubleday, 2007], p. 73.)

1:31:09 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss talks about "the energy of empty space",

by which he means the dark energy. See my above response to Krauss's

previous comments on the dark energy.

1:32:29 h:min:sec ff.: Tipler and Krauss take questions from the

audience.

1:35:57 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss claims that we don't understand physics

well enough to know whether unitarity is violated if an astrophysical

black hole were to evaporate.

Regarding proposed solutions to the black hole information issue, all

except for Tipler's Omega Point cosmology share the common feature of

using proposed new laws of physics that have never been experimentally

confirmed--and indeed which violate the known laws of physics--such as

with Prof. Stephen Hawking's paper on the black hole information issue

which is dependent on the conjectured String Theory-based anti-de

Sitter space/conformal field theory correspondence (AdS/CFT

correspondence). (See S. W. Hawking, "Information loss in black

holes", Physical Review D, Vol. 72, No. 8 [Oct. 15, 2005], Art. No.

084013, 4 pp.) Hence, the end of the universe in finite proper time

via collapse before a black hole completely evaporates is required if

unitarity is to remain unviolated, i.e., if General Relativity and

Quantum Mechanics--which are what the proofs of Hawking radiation

derive from--are true statements of how the world works.

1:42:13 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss invokes the Christ myth theory,

including incorrectly claiming that nearly every religion has had

virgin births.

Regarding the Christ myth theory, virtually all the items which the

Christ myth theorists claim as facts which show the parallels of

Christianity with earlier pagan religions are completely fabricated

modern claims that can't be found in the historical record. For an

excellent discussion on this, see the following video:

* "Shattering the Christ Myth", DrCraigJohnson (YouTube), Apr. 17,

2009, https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLA843654F0F6D4DA8 .

Mirror: "Veritas Forum: Shattering the Christ Myth", Bethel Christian

Fellowship, 26:39 min:sec,

https://www.bitchute.com/video/Uo1HFlDMDhtS/ ,

http://bethelchristianfellowship.info/flash_media/jp3ChristMythCopyCat.m4v

, https://bit.ly/2PzXxtV .

The above video is an interview of James Patrick Holding (editor of

Shattering the Christ Myth: Did Jesus Not Exist? [Maitland, Fla.:

Xulon Press, 2008], https://amazon.com/dp/1606472712 ) by Dr. Craig

Johnson on the topic of the Christ myth theory. See also the below

resources regarding the Christ myth theory on J. P. Holding's website:

* "Were Bible stories and characters stolen from pagan myths?", Tekton

Education and Apologetics Ministry,

http://www.tektonics.org/copycathub.html .

* "Did Jesus exist?", op. cit.,

http://www.tektonics.org/jesusexisthub.html .

1:47:06 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss agrees that the only hope for eternal

life is in a collapsing universe.

1:48:06 h:min:sec ff.: An audience member asks Tipler about Matthew

10:23, Mark 9:1 and John 5:25 as being examples of where Jesus Christ

incorrectly thought that the End Time was imminent, i.e., within

Jesus's own generation.

Matthew 10:23, New King James Version (NKJV) states, "When they

persecute you in this city, flee to another. For assuredly, I say to

you, you will not have gone through the cities of Israel before the

Son of Man comes." And indeed they did not go through all the cities

of Israel before they died, and hence before Christ's Second Coming.

Mark 9:1, NKJV (cf. Matthew 16:28; Luke 9:27) states, "And He said to

them, 'Assuredly, I say to you that there are some standing here who

will not taste death till they see the kingdom of God present with

power.'" And then the very next passages concern Christ's

Transfiguration, whereby Heaven was also shown.

John 5:25, NKJV states, "Most assuredly, I say to you, the hour is

coming, and now is, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of

God; and those who hear will live." But the next passages, John

5:26-29, go on to state, "For as the Father has life in Himself, so He

has granted the Son to have life in Himself, and has given Him

authority to execute judgment also, because He is the Son of Man. Do

not marvel at this; for the hour is coming in which all who are in the

graves will hear His voice and come forth--those who have done good,

to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil, to the

resurrection of condemnation." These passages relate to Jesus's

statement that "I am the resurrection and the life." (John 11:25,

NKJV. Cf. John 8:12 [cf. 1 John 1:5]; 14:6.) In other words, those

raised from death are already existing within Jesus Christ in His

transcendent Second Person aspect, since the Father and the Son are

One (see Isaiah 9:6; John 10:30; 14:6-13). So when Jesus said this, it

was a different way of saying that the Resurrection and the Life stood

there before them right then in His human aspect.

So in each of these scripture passages which this audience member gave

as examples of Christ getting some things wrong are all examples of

Him being correct.

Sometimes people also give Matthew 24:32-35 as being an example of

Christ making an incorrect prophecy. However, "this generation"

referred to in Matthew 24:34 concerns the generation which witnesses

the signs of the End Time which Jesus discusses.

2:02:13 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss talks about Newtonian mechanics being

replaced by General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics, and hence that

we shouldn't be surprised that the current known laws of physics might

also be replaced. However, as Tipler pointed out in his presentation,

the fundamental physics of today are simply more specific subsets of

Newtonian mechanics, i.e., Newtonian mechanics with specific

constrains put on it in order to make it consistent with observations

and to make its resulting subsets mutually mathematically consistent

with each other. Hence, we have never left the realm of Newton's

physics. And all the forces in physics are now described and made

mutually consistent with the Omega Point/Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg

quantum gravity/Standard Model TOE. (See above for more on that.)

2:03:26 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss states that the Standard Model of

particle physics produces nonsense answers when pushed to high enough

energies, as does Quantum Electrodynamics (QED). However, as Tipler

previously pointed out in his presentation, imposing unitarity avoids

the spacetime infinities of quantum field theory, since if there were

not a cut-off to the energies of quantum field theory then miniature

black holes would be created and quickly evaporate, thereby violating

unitarity. Krauss also gives the infinities of quantum field theory as

a reason for thinking that new forms of physics will be required at

higher energy scales. However, this mechanism to the energy cut-off

also allows the energies to gradually scale to infinity during the

collapse phase of the universe (the energies only become actually

infinite at the cosmological singularity), which means that there is

no need for new physics at higher energy scales.

* * * * *

Since the Omega Point/Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg quantum gravity/Standard

Model Theory of Everything (TOE) is mathematically required by the

known laws of physics, of which said physical laws have been confirmed

by every experiment to date, the only way Krauss could have actually

argued against Tipler is to argue that the known laws of physics might

be wrong. But because those physical laws have been confirmed by every

experiment to date, there exists no rational reason to think that they

are wrong. Hence, Krauss's irrelevant arguments (or bare assertions,

as Krauss also engaged in) against Tipler were unavoidable, since

Krauss set himself a logically-impossible task.

For details on the Omega Point TOE, see the following paper by Prof.

Tipler:

* F. J. Tipler, "The structure of the world from pure numbers",

Reports on Progress in Physics, Vol. 68, No. 4 (Apr. 2005), pp.

897-964, doi:10.1088/0034-4885/68/4/R04, bibcode: 2005RPPh...68..897T,

http://dauns01.math.tulane.edu/~tipler/theoryofeverything.pdf ,

https://webcitation.org/6GiCQuDCk . Also released as Frank J. Tipler,

"Feynman-Weinberg Quantum Gravity and the Extended Standard Model as a

Theory of Everything", arXiv:0704.3276, Apr. 24, 2007,

https://arxiv.org/abs/0704.3276 .

The following is the first article on the Omega Point TOE:

* Frank J. Tipler, "Genesis: How the Universe Began According to

Standard Model Particle Physics", arXiv:astro-ph/0111520, Nov. 28,

2001, https://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0111520 . For images that go with

the article, see "Frank J. Tipler, Diagrams", Theophysics: God Is the

Ultimate Physicist, https://webcitation.org/61sKVnDDA .

For the details regarding the point Prof. Tipler made in his

presentation about how modern physics (i.e., General Relativity,

Quantum Mechanics, and the Standard Model of particle physics) are

simply special cases of classical mechanics (i.e., Newtonian

mechanics, particularly in its most powerful formulation of the

Hamilton-Jacobi Equation), see the following articles:

* Frank J. Tipler, "The Obama-Tribe 'Curvature of Constitutional

Space' Paper is Crackpot Physics", Social Science Research Network

(SSRN), Oct. 26, 2008, 45 pp., doi:10.2139/ssrn.1271310,

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1271310 .

* Maurice J. Dupré and Frank J. Tipler, "General Relativity as an

Æther Theory", International Journal of Modern Physics D, Vol. 21, No.

2 (Feb. 2012), Art. No. 1250011, 16 pp.,

doi:10.1142/S0218271812500113, bibcode: 2012IJMPD..2150011D,

http://worldscientific.com/doi/abs/10.1142/S0218271812500113 . Also at

arXiv:1007.4572, July 26, 2010, https://arxiv.org/abs/1007.4572 .

* Frank J. Tipler, "Hamilton-Jacobi Many-Worlds Theory and the

Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle", arXiv:1007.4566, July 26, 2010,

https://arxiv.org/abs/1007.4566 .

The foregoing articles, in addition to many other papers by Prof.

Tipler on the Omega Point cosmology, are also available in the below

archive:

* Frank-J-Tipler-Omega-Point-Papers.zip , 26712158 bytes, MD5:

6e5d29b994bc2f9aa4210d72ef37ab68, https://webcitation.org/6GjhT6t52 ,

https://www.amazon.com/clouddrive/share/MlgqZnDKicth6rggJHcSqQzicEjztDENrlOp8aiiu2U

, https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B7k4r80YepnxNjNOX2x0XzBOV00/edit ,

https://mega.nz/#!GigwzCZD!FO4JQP3-6HKuquB1-gujfV-nEevPAwsyw7l3NifryC0

.

########################################

In the longer video below, Prof. Tipler gives a popular-audience

explanation of the Omega Point cosmology and how the miracles of Jesus

Christ are allowed by the known laws of physics:

* Jennifer Mayerle, "Does God Exist?", CBS 46 News (WGCL-TV, Atlanta,

Ga.), Nov. 13, 2008. In addition to video of the television news

report, also contains a 1:08:33 h:min:sec video of a lecture by Prof.

Tipler on the Omega Point cosmology.

Frank-Tipler-Does-God-Exist-CBS-46-WGCL-2008-11-13.zip , 130201087

bytes, MD5: 63eb6e6eeffb5176bc6590015fd08370,

https://www.amazon.com/clouddrive/share/8YpSgBkftenCYsLaXyHshVUpBiEBtIXILbvUgj0AYHt

, https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B7k4r80YepnxYnlhYWFXNWtIeEE/edit ,

https://mega.nz/#!KnpwVYBC!rGHkSHlSfnEckoYfLwtrE6DF4eFcS9R_Ln6FwyYGjpE

.

########################################

In the following video, Prof. Tipler discusses how the collapse of the

universe is required in order for immortality to exist, and Tipler

explains how the universe's collapse will be forced by sapient life:

* Frank Tipler, "The Physics of Immortality, Threats to Terran

Society, & Self-Replicating Nanotechnology", First Annual Workshop on

Geoethical Nanotechnology (prod. co.: Terasem Movement, Inc.

[Melbourne Beach, Fla.]), run time: 33 min. Video of a lecture Tipler

gave at the Terasem Retreat in Lincoln, Vt. on July 20, 2005.

Frank-Tipler-Lecture-Terasem-Movement-2005-7-20.wmv , 263859603 bytes,

MD5: 89ee5241a3af7d14bae509bd12654642,

https://www.amazon.com/clouddrive/share/GUoS8vpITZymXX8xr20Io18BMdk6uf44toEipT0Sy2S

, https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B7k4r80Yepnxc0NoRzZVdEZILUk/edit ,

https://mega.nz/#!Li50GIAS!gD2qpTGri1kcCdp7LHmb94LGYsxGKC5fwJP4oeHW03o

.

Video file source:

* "Program for 1st Annual Workshop on Geoethical Nanotechnology",

Terasem Movement, July 20, 2005,

https://web.archive.org/web/20060521221138/http://www.terasemfoundation.org/program.htm

, https://webcitation.org/6FPIMiykv ;

https://web.archive.org/web/20070927000336/http://mfile3.akamai.com/12032/wmv/kurzweil.download.akamai.com/12032/terasem/Tiplerdsl.wmv

,

mms://a1415.v12032b.c12032.g.vm.akamaistream.net/7/1415/12032/v0001/kurzweil.download.akamai.com/12032/terasem/Tiplerdsl.wmv

.

Microsoft PowerPoint presentation:

* Frank Tipler, "The Universe's Acceleration Must Stop If Life Is to

Survive Forever", 10 pp.,

https://web.archive.org/web/20051109052948/http://www.terasemfoundation.org/webcast/ppt/Tipler.ppt

, https://webcitation.org/6FH8MuR3q .

Transcript of Prof. Tipler's above lecture:

* Frank Tipler and Ray Kurzweil, "The Physics of Immortality, Threats

to Terran Society, & Self-Replicating Nanotechnology, and An Exchange

Between Frank Tipler and Ray Kurzweil Regarding Ways to Avoid an End

to the Universe", Journal of Geoethical Nanotechnology, Vol. 1, No. 1

(1st quarter 2006); adapted from a lecture given by Frank Tipler at

the First Annual Workshop on Geoethical Nanotechnology on July 20,

2005; http://www.terasemjournals.org/GNJournal/GN0101/tipler_01a.html

, http://www.terasemjournals.org/GNJournal/GN0101/tipler_01g.html .

########################################

* Chauncy Glover, "Man says equation proves God exists", Action News

(WTEV-TV CBS 47 and WAWS Fox 30, Jacksonville, Fla.), May 17, 2010.

Frank-Tipler-CBS-47-WTEV-Fox-30-WAWS-2010-5-17.zip , 16320134 bytes,

MD5: 71cc1f4ddd1ddac493fea43f2facd63e,

https://www.amazon.com/clouddrive/share/7dyriRaBrMA1YDxuriXcMMwYZrunNNF0YYSLw1WU5xK

, https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B7k4r80YepnxLXpRY05PVWhuaWs/edit ,

https://mega.nz/#!CqomBAxR!xlS4RpuB-tRZGc05HvfCf1gDM-3pACmEklbNyZ4MQus

.

Note that the news article misattributes the statement "Everything in

here is correct and his interpretation of the equation is correct.

..." to Tipler, when in fact as the video of the report makes clear,

it was Prof. Paul Richard Simony, head of the Department of Physics at

Jacksonville University, who made this statement.

########################################

In the below video, Prof. Tipler's presentation starts at 41:32

min:sec and ends at 1:26:08 h:min:sec. Tipler's talk was part of the

Turing Church Online Workshop 2 (prod. co.: Turing Church

[turingchurch.com, telexlr8.wordpress.com]), held on December 11,

2011.

* "JH-MR-FT-RS Turing Church Online Workshop", telexlr8 (YouTube),

Dec. 12, 2011, run time: 2:09:16 h:min:sec.,

,

https://vimeo.com/33643521 .

The following video is an excerpt of Tipler's above presentation:

* "FT Turing Church Online Workshop", telexlr8 (YouTube), Dec. 13,

2011, run time: 21:47 min:sec.,

,

https://vimeo.com/33643414 .

Below is my commentary on the foregoing videos. The times given below

are for the shorter video above (i.e., the excerpt video).

----------

2:40 min:sec ff.: General Relativity is Newtonian mechanics made

consistent with the requirement that the speed of light is the same

for all observers. The speed of light being the same for all observers

is an automatic consequence of Maxwell's Equations, which was first

shown by Hendrik Lorentz and then Albert Einstein.

3:20 min:sec ff.: James Clerk Maxwell obtained his Equations because

there were five fundamental laws coming from experiment: Faraday's

Law; Gauss's Law; Ampère's Law; No Magnetic Monopoles; and

Conservation of Electric Charge. Maxwell realized that these laws were

mutually mathematically inconsistent: the Conservation of Electric

Charge directly contradicts Ampère's Law. So what Maxwell did was add

a term to Ampère's Law which made it consistent with the other

equations. Maxwell was left with only four equations, but the

Conservation of Electric Charge could be derived from them. However,

Maxwell's Equations meant that the speed of light had to be the same

for all observers.

4:10 min:sec ff.: Elie Cartan showed that in Newtonian mechanics,

gravity is curvature of time only; whereas in General Relativity,

gravity is curvature of space and time, i.e., spacetime (cf. Frank J.

Tipler, The Physics of Christianity [New York: Doubleday, 2007], p.

33; and pp. 79-80 of Frank J. Tipler, "Albert Einstein: A Scientific

Reactionary", pp. 73-83, in John Brockman [Ed.], My Einstein [New

York: Vintage Books, 2007; orig. pub. 2006]). When Lorentz and

Einstein's insight regarding the speed of light being the same for all

observers is combined with Newtonian mechanics, then the Newton

equations automatically become the Einstein equations.

5:05 min:sec ff.: Quantum Mechanics is a subset of Newtonian mechanics

in the most general form of Newtonian mechanics, called the

Hamilton-Jacobi Equation, as was independently shown by Lev Landau and

David Bohm.

Hence, there was no scientific revolution in the 20th century: what we

are in fact doing when we use General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics

is using subsets of Newtonian mechanics. Consequently, since all the

forces in nature have been described and made consistent with each

other (i.e., in the form of the Omega Point/Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg

quantum gravity/Standard Model TOE), we have a Theory of Everything

(TOE) in physics.

6:12 min:sec ff.: Tipler then goes on to show how the Omega Point

cosmology is forced by the known laws of physics.

13:30 min:sec ff.: Tipler discusses quantum indistinguishability,

which has been confirmed by many experiments.

18:56 min:sec ff.: There are still infinities in quantum field theory

which are not eliminated by renormalization, as has been known since

Freeman Dyson's work on this issue more than 50 years ago. However,

when one takes into account the requirement imposed by unitarity that

the universe must end in finite proper time, these nonrenormalizable

infinities in quantum field theory and in Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg

quantum gravity can be absorbed into the final singularity so that

they never appear within spacetime, whereas the typical boundary

conditions used by physicists make quantum field theory inconsistent

with observations.

19:50 min:sec ff.: Imposing the Hawking boundary conditions (i.e.,

that the universe must end in finite proper time in order to avoid the

violation of unitarity) on standard quantum field theory and standard

quantum gravity theory (i.e., the Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg theory of

quantum gravity) makes these theories fully mathematically consistent.

One thereby obtains a full theory of quantum gravity, of which quantum

gravity theory makes the Standard Model of particle physics fully

finite within spacetime, which means that with said

Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg quantum gravity theory and the Standard Model

of particle physics one has a full Theory of Everything in physics

which is fully mathematically consistent, is finite within spacetime,

and is in full agreement with experiment.

21:10 min:sec ff.: The Wheeler-DeWitt Equation is fully mathematically

consistent with Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg quantum gravity once the same

aforesaid boundary conditions are imposed.

########################################

The below audio interview of Prof. Frank Tipler by Casey Luskin for

the Intelligent Design the Future (ID the Future [IDTF];

http://idthefuture.com ) podcast was recorded circa February 11, 2013:

* "Part 1: Einstein Vs. Darwin", Feb. 13, 2013, run time: 17:25

min:sec,

http://intelligentdesign.podomatic.com/entry/index/2013-02-13T17_47_50-08_00

,

http://intelligentdesign.podomatic.com/enclosure/2013-02-13T17_47_50-08_00.mp3

, https://webcitation.org/6ER9vOCSX .

* "Part 2: Einstein Vs. Darwin", Feb. 15, 2013, run time: 13:54

min:sec,

http://intelligentdesign.podomatic.com/entry/index/2013-02-15T17_51_01-08_00

,

http://intelligentdesign.podomatic.com/enclosure/2013-02-15T17_51_01-08_00.mp3

, https://webcitation.org/6ESvK1hGX .

* "Part 3: Einstein Vs. Darwin", Feb. 20, 2013, run time: 10:43

min:sec,

http://intelligentdesign.podomatic.com/entry/index/2013-02-20T16_21_03-08_00

,

http://intelligentdesign.podomatic.com/enclosure/2013-02-20T16_21_03-08_00.mp3

, https://webcitation.org/6EaXBoyA7 .

* "Frank Tipler: Could Einstein Be Published Under Today's Peer-Review

Policies?", Feb. 27, 2013, run time: 13:44 min:sec,

http://intelligentdesign.podomatic.com/entry/index/2013-02-27T16_43_59-08_00

,

http://intelligentdesign.podomatic.com/enclosure/2013-02-27T16_43_59-08_00.mp3

, https://webcitation.org/6Elz3HRgg .

^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

James Redford, author of "Jesus Is an Anarchist", Social Science

Research Network (SSRN), Dec. 4, 2011 (orig. pub. Dec. 19, 2001),

doi:10.2139/ssrn.1337761, https://bit.ly/28RpKrS ,

http://theophysics.host56.com/anarchist-jesus.pdf ,

https://webcitation.org/66AF4TMv3

Theophysics: God Is the Ultimate Physicist (a website with information

on Prof. Frank J. Tipler's Omega Point Theorem and the quantum gravity

Theory of Everything [TOE]), https://archive.org/details/Theophysics ,

http://theophysics.host56.com , http://theophysics.epizy.com

physicist and mathematician Prof. Frank J. Tipler explaining the Omega

Point cosmology, which is a proof (i.e., mathematical theorem) of

God's existence per the known laws of physics (i.e., the Second Law of

Thermodynamics, General Relativity, and Quantum Mechanics), and the

Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg quantum gravity/Standard Model Theory of

Everything (TOE), which is also required by the known laws of physics.

The sixth section contains an audio interview of Tipler.

I also provide some helpful notes and commentary for some of these

videos.

For much more regarding the matters here, see my following article:

* James Redford, "The Physics of God and the Quantum Gravity Theory of

Everything", Social Science Research Network (SSRN), orig. pub. Dec.

19, 2011 (since updated), doi:10.2139/ssrn.1974708,

https://archive.org/download/ThePhysicsOfGodAndTheQuantumGravityTheoryOfEverything/Redford-Physics-of-God.pdf

, https://purl.org/redford/physics-of-god ,

https://sites.google.com/site/physicotheism/home/Redford-Physics-of-God.pdf

, https://webcitation.org/74HMsJGbP .

########################################

The following is my favorite video that I've so far seen of Prof.

Tipler:

* Frank Tipler and Lawrence Krauss, Michael Shermer (Producer), A

Great Debate: Can Physics Prove God and Christianity? (prod. co.:

Skeptics Society [Altadena, Cal.]), run time: 2:13 h:min. Video of a

debate held at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech;

Pasadena, Cal.) on June 3, 2007.

Frank-Tipler-vs-Lawrence-Krauss-Debate-Caltech-2007-6-3.mp4 ,

379232130 bytes, MD5: 02652f9e8e71ca7572b0fd64d4e2390a,

https://www.amazon.com/clouddrive/share/E1Ir4NIbzolrs9TwiA14y3LEF6mmx8LXoWV6kw4AxOJ

, https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B7k4r80YepnxWjhmSlh5bUtXcTQ/edit ,

https://mega.nz/#!fuwBiaBR!bWEuKgqyNhekPE0dXj7oczViRmMyfYXQeiyKH1OtjrM

.

----------

Prof. Michael Shermer (founder of the Skeptics Society) is the

moderator of the debate. Bill Nye (of the television show Bill Nye the

Science Guy) is among the audience members.

Physicist and mathematician Prof. Frank J. Tipler starts his

presentation at 15:57 min:sec. Tipler points out that we have had a

Theory of Everything (TOE) in physics for some 30 years with the

arrival of the Standard Model of particle physics, since the Standard

Model describes all forces in nature except for gravity. The Standard

Model is a quantum field theory, i.e., it involves Quantum Mechanics

combined with special-relativistic particle physics. And gravity is

described by General Relativity. The problem has been to make General

Relativity and Quantum Mechanics consistent with each other, which

Tipler points out is done with the Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg theory of

quantum gravity when the appropriate boundary conditions on the

universe are used, which includes the initial Big Bang, and the final

Omega Point, cosmological singularities.

Tipler shows a presentation slide listing General Relativity as having

the general linear group of GL(4, R) symmetry group; and the Standard

Model of particle physics as having the Lie group of 3 Lie symmetry

group.

19:33 min:sec ff.: In the 1960s Richard Feynman at Caltech quantized a

spin-2 field using his path integral method. Quantizing a spin-2 field

requires it to be a spacetime metric and imposes the full GL(4, R)

symmetry group.

At 19:54 min:sec ff., Tipler points out that the Feynman quantum

gravity theory is unique, i.e., it is the only quantum gravity theory

possible if General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics are correct (cf.

32:11 min:sec ff.), since General Relativity requires gravity to be a

spin-2 field, and the Hulse and Taylor pulsar confirmation of

Einstein's quadrupole formula verified that gravity is a spin-2 field.

General Relativity also states that gravity is a phenomenon of the

curvature of the spacetime metric with observer independence, i.e.,

physics cannot depend locally on the observer, which gives the GL(4,

R) symmetry group of General Relativity.

20:44 min:sec ff.: Steven Weinberg later showed that the Feynman

theory of quantum gravity is renormalizable, which means that the

term-by-term infinities in the Feynman diagrams can be absorbed into

constants, so it is no worse than other quantum field theories.

However, there are actually two sources of infinity in quantum field

theory: the ones that are renormalized away, as previously mentioned;

and the ones that generate the divergence of the power series of the

S-matrix (i.e., scattering matrix).

21:21 min:sec ff.: It has been known for 50 years what the cause of

this series divergence is: it's a bad choice of the vacuum state,

which Freeman Dyson showed in a paper in Physical Review in 1952 (see

F. J. Dyson, "Divergence of Perturbation Theory in Quantum

Electrodynamics", Physical Review, Vol. 85, No. 4 [Feb. 1952], pp.

631-632). Geroch showed that perturbation theory in String Theory also

has a series divergence for essentially the same reason.

22:18 min:sec ff.: Tipler mentions Liouville's Theorem in complex

analysis. One way of stating said Theorem is that all analytic

functions (i.e., holomorphic functions) other than constants have

singularities either a finite distance from the origin of coordinates

or at infinity, which is analogous to what occurs with the universe:

the only way to avoid infinities in spacetime (consequently causing

the instantaneous collapse of the entire universe) is for the universe

to begin and end at singularities. Moreover, it doesn't matter what

form of physics one resorts to, as any physically-realistic cosmology

(e.g., one capable of incorporating Quantum Mechanics, since the

complex number field is intrinsic to the mathematical formulations of

Quantum Mechanics) must begin at an initial singularity and end at a

final singularity. (As Barrow and Tipler wrote, "Initial and final

cosmological curvature singularities are required to avoid a universal

action singularity." See John D. Barrow and Frank J. Tipler, "Action

principles in nature", Nature, Vol. 331, No. 6151 [Jan. 7, 1988], pp.

31-34; see also Frank J. Tipler, "The Structure of the Classical

Cosmological Singularity", in Origin and Early History of the

Universe: Proceedings of the 26th Liège International Astrophyscial

Colloquium, July 1-4, 1986 [Cointe-Ougree, Belgium: Universite de

Liege, Institut d'Astrophysique, 1987], pp. 339-359; "Discussion", pp.

360-361.)

23:23 min:sec ff.: Feynman quantum gravity makes a singularity even

more inevitable than the Penrose-Hawking-Geroch Singularity Theorems,

since the Singularity Theorems assume attractive gravity, whereas with

Feynman quantum gravity the sum-over-histories (i.e., sum-over-paths;

path integral formulation) get arbitrarily close to infinite

curvature. In other words, the multiverse has its own singularity.

24:04 min:sec ff.: Imposing unitarity avoids the spacetime infinities

of quantum field theory, since if there were not a cut-off to the

energies of quantum field theory then miniature black holes would be

created and quickly evaporate, thereby violating unitarity. 25:12

min:sec ff.: This energy cut-off mechanism also means that some

misnomered "constants" increase with cosmic time. 26:21 min:sec ff.:

This mechanism to stabilize quantum field theory only works if there

is an initial singularity and a final singularity and if there are no

event horizons, which also solves the black hole information problem.

26:55 min:sec ff.: The absence of event horizons is only possible if

the universe is spatially closed, and in particular has the spatial

topology of a three-sphere (i.e., 3-sphere; S^3); also, only if the

final singularity is a single point in the Penrose c-boundary

construction, called the Omega Point.

27:18 min:sec ff.: This picks out a global vacuum state which must

define a classical universe now; this means that the wave function of

the universe must have initially been a Dirac delta function, which

explains the observed flatness of the universe without resorting to

nonempirical new physics such as Inflation Theory (requiring the

unobserved inflation field, i.e., inflaton particles), but rather is

simply quantum kinematics: a result of wave-packet spreading (as an

analogy, Tipler gives a version of wave-packet spreading as sound

waves heard around the corner of a building, which is an example of

wave diffraction).

28:05 min:sec ff.: In such a universe, quantum field theory in the

form of the Bekenstein Bound forces the initial state of the universe

to be homogeneous and isotropic; and it also picks out a unique field

of the Standard Model, the SU(2)_L field which gives the observed

excess of matter over antimatter, whereas the usual boundary condition

used by physicists--which is inconsistent with quantum field

theory--gives a baryon-generating mechanism that produces far too many

photons to baryons. Also, the perturbation spectrum is necessarily

scale-invariant since the universe is necessarily flat (as was

basically shown by Edward Robert Harrison long before Inflation Theory

was even thought of).

29 min ff.: What the above all means is that reality consists of a

multiverse, with each universe in the multiverse starting at an

initial singularity and eventually collapsing into a final

singularity. Said Big Bang initial singularity and Omega Point final

singularity are actually connected by a third singularity: the

All-Presents singularity, which exists at each time for each universe

in the multiverse. That is, there exists three connected hypostases to

existence: the First Cause, the Sustaining Cause, and the Final Cause,

which are not in spacetime but instead are the boundary of space and

time, and which are not themselves subject to any possible form of

physics, i.e., they are quite literally supernatural.

32:11 min:sec ff.: Feynman-Weinberg quantum gravity is the unique

quantization of General Relativity, i.e., it's the only way to

quantize General Relativity, since gravity in General Relativity is a

spin-2 field, and General Relativity is a spacetime metric and

possesses the full GL(4, R) symmetry group. (Herein "unique" means the

only one mathematically possible within the context of parsimony, as

one can always add arbitrary yet small terms which change the output

so insignificantly that no current instruments can measure the

difference, and hence it would presently still conform to experiment,

but such arbitrary terms would not then be parsimonious, since they

are not justified by mathematical necessity [i.e., in order to obtain

a mathematically-consistent theory] nor are they experimentally

justified.) General Relativity is the unique specialization (i.e.,

subset; special case) of Newtonian mechanics with the specification

imposed that Newtonian mechanics be consistent with Maxwell's

Equations, i.e., that the speed of light is the same for all

observers. Elie Cartan showed that in Newtonian mechanics, gravity is

curvature of time only; whereas in General Relativity, gravity is

curvature of space and time, i.e., spacetime (cf. Frank J. Tipler, The

Physics of Christianity [New York: Doubleday, 2007], p. 33; and pp.

79-80 of Frank J. Tipler, "Albert Einstein: A Scientific Reactionary",

pp. 73-83, in John Brockman [Ed.], My Einstein [New York: Vintage

Books, 2007; orig. pub. 2006]). 33 min ff.: Similarly, Quantum

Mechanics is the unique specialization of Newtonian mechanics in its

most powerful formulation, the Hamilton-Jacobi Equation, with the

specification imposed that determinism is maintained: since the

Hamilton-Jacobi Equation is indeterministic, because when particle

trajectories cross paths a singularity is produced (i.e., the values

in the equations become infinite) and so it is not possible to predict

(even in principle) what happens after that (cf. id., The Physics of

Christianity, pp. 48-49; and 7:17 min:sec ff. of Casey Luskin,

interview of Frank Tipler, "Part 1: Einstein Vs. Darwin", Intelligent

Design the Future, Feb. 13, 2013, audio run time: 17:25 min:sec).

33:17 min:sec ff.: For these reasons--the fact that the history of

physics since Newton has been a series of specializations, rather than

generalizations, of fundamental physics--we can be confident that we

have the correct Theory of Everything (TOE) in physics and that there

is not going to be any new physics that comes along to displace the

current known laws of physics. That is, since after Newton's physics,

there has been no "revolution" in physics (e.g., such as with General

Relativity and Quantum Mechanics, etc.), but instead an evolution of

physics: the fundamental physics of today are simply more specific

subsets of Newtonian mechanics, i.e., Newtonian mechanics with

specific constrains put on it in order to make it consistent with

observations and to make its resulting subsets mutually mathematically

consistent with each other. So in over 300 years we have never left

the realm of Newton's physics. And all the forces in physics are now

described and made mutually consistent with the

Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg quantum gravity theory and the Standard Model

of particle physics.

Prof. Tipler then goes on to show how, using only the known laws of

physics, the miracles of Jesus Christ are physically possible. This

process uses baryon annihilation (which is allowed in the Standard

Model, as baryon number minus lepton number, B - L, is conserved), and

its inverse, by way of electroweak quantum tunneling caused via the

Principle of Least Action by the physical requirement that the Omega

Point final cosmological singularity exists. Tipler also proposes that

the virgin birth of Jesus by Mary could be possible via Jesus being a

special type of XX male who obtained all of his genetic material from

Mary (i.e., an instance of parthenogenesis). Tipler concludes that the

Star of Bethlehem was either a Type Ic hypernova located in the

Andromeda Galaxy, or a Type Ia supernova located in a globular cluster

of our own Milky Way Galaxy.

If the Incarnation of Jesus Christ and the miracles attributed to him

in the New Testament were necessary in order to lead to the formation

of the Omega Point--and if the known laws of physics are correct--then

the probability of these events occurring is certain. Furthermore,

Tipler proposes tests on particular relics associated with Jesus

which, if the relics are genuine, could verify whether in fact said

miracles took place via the aforementioned mechanisms.

Physicist Prof. Lawrence M. Krauss starts his presentation at 49:36

min:sec. 52:54 min:sec ff.: Krauss begins by engaging in the logical

fallacy of bare assertion. Krauss asserts that (1) the Standard Model

of particle physics isn't complete; (2) we don't have a consistent

theory of quantum gravity; (3) the universe doesn't have to collapse;

(4) we don't understand the nature of dark energy; and (5) we don't

know why there is more matter than antimatter in the universe.

In answer to Krauss: (1) The Standard Model describes all forces in

nature except for gravity. And gravity is described by General

Relativity. (2) The problem has been to make General Relativity and

Quantum Mechanics consistent with each other, which is done with the

Omega Point/Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg quantum gravity theory. (3) The

universe must collapse in finite proper time or otherwise unitarity

will be violated (see p. 925 [cf. pp. 904-905] of F. J. Tipler, "The

structure of the world from pure numbers", Reports on Progress in

Physics, Vol. 68, No. 4 [Apr. 2005], pp. 897-964). (4) The dark energy

is the positive cosmological constant. As required by the Standard

Model of particle physics, the net baryon number was created in the

early universe by baryogenesis via electroweak quantum tunneling. This

necessarily forces the Higgs field to be in a vacuum state that is not

its absolute vacuum, which is the cause of the observed cosmological

constant. (5) The universe's initial SU(2)_L field of the Standard

Model--which is required by quantum field theory--gives the observed

excess of matter over antimatter. See op. cit. for details on the

foregoing matters.

Prof. Krauss attempts to rebut Prof. Tipler's proposed mechanism for

the miracles of Jesus Christ by relating how statistically improbable

such events are, yet this doesn't actually address Tipler's arguments

since Tipler's point is that such seemingly improbable events would be

forced to occur by the known laws of physics via the Principle of

Least Action if said events are required in order for the universe to

evolve into the Omega Point final singularity. Krauss himself in his

review of Tipler's book The Physics of Christianity admits that this

mechanism which Tipler proposes for Jesus Christ's miracles is

physically sound if said miracles were necessary in order to lead to

the formation of the Omega Point and if the Omega Point is required in

order for existence to exist (see Lawrence Krauss, "More dangerous

than nonsense", New Scientist, Vol. 194, No. 2603 [May 12, 2007], p.

53).

1:00:52 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss provides a quote from Gerardus 't Hooft,

but as with Krauss's discussion of probabilities, 't Hooft's remarks

are irrelevant to Tipler's actual argument, since 't Hooft is assuming

boundary conditions on the universe which are inconsistent with

quantum field theory rather than the Omega

Point/Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg quantum gravity/Standard Model TOE

boundary conditions which make all the laws of physics mutually

mathematically consistent with each other.

1:02:01 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss provides a quote from Steven Weinberg,

of which again is irrelevant to Tipler's actual argument, since as

with 't Hooft, Weinberg is assuming inconsistent boundary conditions.

Krauss, 't Hooft, and Weinberg are all particle physicists. Whereas

Tipler is not only an expert in quantum field theory (i.e., Quantum

Mechanics combined with special-relativistic particle physics) but

also an expert in Global General Relativity and computer theory.

Furthermore, neither Krauss, 't Hooft, nor Weinberg display any

awareness of Tipler's 2005 Reports on Progress in Physics paper which

presents the technical details of the Omega Point TOE.

1:03:15 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss claims that all the evidence in nature

indicates that the universe will expand forever. Ironically, Krauss

has actually published a paper that greatly helped to strengthen

Tipler's Omega Point cosmology. Some have suggested that the current

acceleration of the universe's expansion due to the positive

cosmological constant would appear to obviate the Omega Point.

However, Profs. Krauss and Turner point out that "there is no set of

cosmological observations we can perform that will unambiguously allow

us to determine what the ultimate destiny of the Universe will be."

(See Lawrence M. Krauss and Michael S. Turner, "Geometry and Destiny",

General Relativity and Gravitation, Vol. 31, No. 10 [Oct. 1999], pp.

1453-1459.) While cosmological observations cannot tell us what the

ultimate fate of the universe will be, the known laws of physics

themselves can, as the universe is forced to end in finite proper time

in order for unitarity to remain unviolated (again, see p. 925 [cf.

pp. 904-905] of id., "The structure of the world from pure numbers",

op. cit.).

1:23:06 h:min:sec ff.: Tipler starts his response to Krauss, wherein

Tipler addresses Krauss's claims.

1:29:22 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss starts his second response to Tipler.

1:30:34 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss claims that the laws of physics prevent

sapient life from harnessing baryon annihilation. However, the laws of

physics allow baryon annihilation using electroweak quantum tunneling

via quantum coherence. As Tipler writes, "Atoms have energy levels

that differ by a few electron volts. Quantum coherence among a

trillion atoms would allow the atoms to concentrate the energy

differences of the levels on a single atom, and this would be 10 TeV,

the amount of energy needed for the baryon-annihilation process to go

forward." (See Frank J. Tipler, The Physics of Christianity [New York:

Doubleday, 2007], p. 73.)

1:31:09 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss talks about "the energy of empty space",

by which he means the dark energy. See my above response to Krauss's

previous comments on the dark energy.

1:32:29 h:min:sec ff.: Tipler and Krauss take questions from the

audience.

1:35:57 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss claims that we don't understand physics

well enough to know whether unitarity is violated if an astrophysical

black hole were to evaporate.

Regarding proposed solutions to the black hole information issue, all

except for Tipler's Omega Point cosmology share the common feature of

using proposed new laws of physics that have never been experimentally

confirmed--and indeed which violate the known laws of physics--such as

with Prof. Stephen Hawking's paper on the black hole information issue

which is dependent on the conjectured String Theory-based anti-de

Sitter space/conformal field theory correspondence (AdS/CFT

correspondence). (See S. W. Hawking, "Information loss in black

holes", Physical Review D, Vol. 72, No. 8 [Oct. 15, 2005], Art. No.

084013, 4 pp.) Hence, the end of the universe in finite proper time

via collapse before a black hole completely evaporates is required if

unitarity is to remain unviolated, i.e., if General Relativity and

Quantum Mechanics--which are what the proofs of Hawking radiation

derive from--are true statements of how the world works.

1:42:13 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss invokes the Christ myth theory,

including incorrectly claiming that nearly every religion has had

virgin births.

Regarding the Christ myth theory, virtually all the items which the

Christ myth theorists claim as facts which show the parallels of

Christianity with earlier pagan religions are completely fabricated

modern claims that can't be found in the historical record. For an

excellent discussion on this, see the following video:

* "Shattering the Christ Myth", DrCraigJohnson (YouTube), Apr. 17,

2009, https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLA843654F0F6D4DA8 .

Mirror: "Veritas Forum: Shattering the Christ Myth", Bethel Christian

Fellowship, 26:39 min:sec,

https://www.bitchute.com/video/Uo1HFlDMDhtS/ ,

http://bethelchristianfellowship.info/flash_media/jp3ChristMythCopyCat.m4v

, https://bit.ly/2PzXxtV .

The above video is an interview of James Patrick Holding (editor of

Shattering the Christ Myth: Did Jesus Not Exist? [Maitland, Fla.:

Xulon Press, 2008], https://amazon.com/dp/1606472712 ) by Dr. Craig

Johnson on the topic of the Christ myth theory. See also the below

resources regarding the Christ myth theory on J. P. Holding's website:

* "Were Bible stories and characters stolen from pagan myths?", Tekton

Education and Apologetics Ministry,

http://www.tektonics.org/copycathub.html .

* "Did Jesus exist?", op. cit.,

http://www.tektonics.org/jesusexisthub.html .

1:47:06 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss agrees that the only hope for eternal

life is in a collapsing universe.

1:48:06 h:min:sec ff.: An audience member asks Tipler about Matthew

10:23, Mark 9:1 and John 5:25 as being examples of where Jesus Christ

incorrectly thought that the End Time was imminent, i.e., within

Jesus's own generation.

Matthew 10:23, New King James Version (NKJV) states, "When they

persecute you in this city, flee to another. For assuredly, I say to

you, you will not have gone through the cities of Israel before the

Son of Man comes." And indeed they did not go through all the cities

of Israel before they died, and hence before Christ's Second Coming.

Mark 9:1, NKJV (cf. Matthew 16:28; Luke 9:27) states, "And He said to

them, 'Assuredly, I say to you that there are some standing here who

will not taste death till they see the kingdom of God present with

power.'" And then the very next passages concern Christ's

Transfiguration, whereby Heaven was also shown.

John 5:25, NKJV states, "Most assuredly, I say to you, the hour is

coming, and now is, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of

God; and those who hear will live." But the next passages, John

5:26-29, go on to state, "For as the Father has life in Himself, so He

has granted the Son to have life in Himself, and has given Him

authority to execute judgment also, because He is the Son of Man. Do

not marvel at this; for the hour is coming in which all who are in the

graves will hear His voice and come forth--those who have done good,

to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil, to the

resurrection of condemnation." These passages relate to Jesus's

statement that "I am the resurrection and the life." (John 11:25,

NKJV. Cf. John 8:12 [cf. 1 John 1:5]; 14:6.) In other words, those

raised from death are already existing within Jesus Christ in His

transcendent Second Person aspect, since the Father and the Son are

One (see Isaiah 9:6; John 10:30; 14:6-13). So when Jesus said this, it

was a different way of saying that the Resurrection and the Life stood

there before them right then in His human aspect.

So in each of these scripture passages which this audience member gave

as examples of Christ getting some things wrong are all examples of

Him being correct.

Sometimes people also give Matthew 24:32-35 as being an example of

Christ making an incorrect prophecy. However, "this generation"

referred to in Matthew 24:34 concerns the generation which witnesses

the signs of the End Time which Jesus discusses.

2:02:13 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss talks about Newtonian mechanics being

replaced by General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics, and hence that

we shouldn't be surprised that the current known laws of physics might

also be replaced. However, as Tipler pointed out in his presentation,

the fundamental physics of today are simply more specific subsets of

Newtonian mechanics, i.e., Newtonian mechanics with specific

constrains put on it in order to make it consistent with observations

and to make its resulting subsets mutually mathematically consistent

with each other. Hence, we have never left the realm of Newton's

physics. And all the forces in physics are now described and made

mutually consistent with the Omega Point/Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg

quantum gravity/Standard Model TOE. (See above for more on that.)

2:03:26 h:min:sec ff.: Krauss states that the Standard Model of

particle physics produces nonsense answers when pushed to high enough

energies, as does Quantum Electrodynamics (QED). However, as Tipler

previously pointed out in his presentation, imposing unitarity avoids

the spacetime infinities of quantum field theory, since if there were

not a cut-off to the energies of quantum field theory then miniature

black holes would be created and quickly evaporate, thereby violating

unitarity. Krauss also gives the infinities of quantum field theory as

a reason for thinking that new forms of physics will be required at

higher energy scales. However, this mechanism to the energy cut-off

also allows the energies to gradually scale to infinity during the

collapse phase of the universe (the energies only become actually

infinite at the cosmological singularity), which means that there is

no need for new physics at higher energy scales.

* * * * *

Since the Omega Point/Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg quantum gravity/Standard

Model Theory of Everything (TOE) is mathematically required by the

known laws of physics, of which said physical laws have been confirmed

by every experiment to date, the only way Krauss could have actually

argued against Tipler is to argue that the known laws of physics might

be wrong. But because those physical laws have been confirmed by every

experiment to date, there exists no rational reason to think that they

are wrong. Hence, Krauss's irrelevant arguments (or bare assertions,

as Krauss also engaged in) against Tipler were unavoidable, since

Krauss set himself a logically-impossible task.

For details on the Omega Point TOE, see the following paper by Prof.

Tipler:

* F. J. Tipler, "The structure of the world from pure numbers",

Reports on Progress in Physics, Vol. 68, No. 4 (Apr. 2005), pp.

897-964, doi:10.1088/0034-4885/68/4/R04, bibcode: 2005RPPh...68..897T,

http://dauns01.math.tulane.edu/~tipler/theoryofeverything.pdf ,

https://webcitation.org/6GiCQuDCk . Also released as Frank J. Tipler,

"Feynman-Weinberg Quantum Gravity and the Extended Standard Model as a

Theory of Everything", arXiv:0704.3276, Apr. 24, 2007,

https://arxiv.org/abs/0704.3276 .

The following is the first article on the Omega Point TOE:

* Frank J. Tipler, "Genesis: How the Universe Began According to

Standard Model Particle Physics", arXiv:astro-ph/0111520, Nov. 28,

2001, https://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0111520 . For images that go with

the article, see "Frank J. Tipler, Diagrams", Theophysics: God Is the

Ultimate Physicist, https://webcitation.org/61sKVnDDA .

For the details regarding the point Prof. Tipler made in his

presentation about how modern physics (i.e., General Relativity,

Quantum Mechanics, and the Standard Model of particle physics) are

simply special cases of classical mechanics (i.e., Newtonian

mechanics, particularly in its most powerful formulation of the

Hamilton-Jacobi Equation), see the following articles:

* Frank J. Tipler, "The Obama-Tribe 'Curvature of Constitutional

Space' Paper is Crackpot Physics", Social Science Research Network

(SSRN), Oct. 26, 2008, 45 pp., doi:10.2139/ssrn.1271310,

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1271310 .

* Maurice J. Dupré and Frank J. Tipler, "General Relativity as an

Æther Theory", International Journal of Modern Physics D, Vol. 21, No.

2 (Feb. 2012), Art. No. 1250011, 16 pp.,

doi:10.1142/S0218271812500113, bibcode: 2012IJMPD..2150011D,

http://worldscientific.com/doi/abs/10.1142/S0218271812500113 . Also at

arXiv:1007.4572, July 26, 2010, https://arxiv.org/abs/1007.4572 .

* Frank J. Tipler, "Hamilton-Jacobi Many-Worlds Theory and the

Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle", arXiv:1007.4566, July 26, 2010,

https://arxiv.org/abs/1007.4566 .

The foregoing articles, in addition to many other papers by Prof.

Tipler on the Omega Point cosmology, are also available in the below

archive:

* Frank-J-Tipler-Omega-Point-Papers.zip , 26712158 bytes, MD5:

6e5d29b994bc2f9aa4210d72ef37ab68, https://webcitation.org/6GjhT6t52 ,

https://www.amazon.com/clouddrive/share/MlgqZnDKicth6rggJHcSqQzicEjztDENrlOp8aiiu2U

, https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B7k4r80YepnxNjNOX2x0XzBOV00/edit ,

https://mega.nz/#!GigwzCZD!FO4JQP3-6HKuquB1-gujfV-nEevPAwsyw7l3NifryC0

.

########################################

In the longer video below, Prof. Tipler gives a popular-audience

explanation of the Omega Point cosmology and how the miracles of Jesus

Christ are allowed by the known laws of physics:

* Jennifer Mayerle, "Does God Exist?", CBS 46 News (WGCL-TV, Atlanta,

Ga.), Nov. 13, 2008. In addition to video of the television news

report, also contains a 1:08:33 h:min:sec video of a lecture by Prof.

Tipler on the Omega Point cosmology.

Frank-Tipler-Does-God-Exist-CBS-46-WGCL-2008-11-13.zip , 130201087

bytes, MD5: 63eb6e6eeffb5176bc6590015fd08370,

https://www.amazon.com/clouddrive/share/8YpSgBkftenCYsLaXyHshVUpBiEBtIXILbvUgj0AYHt

, https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B7k4r80YepnxYnlhYWFXNWtIeEE/edit ,

https://mega.nz/#!KnpwVYBC!rGHkSHlSfnEckoYfLwtrE6DF4eFcS9R_Ln6FwyYGjpE

.

########################################

In the following video, Prof. Tipler discusses how the collapse of the

universe is required in order for immortality to exist, and Tipler

explains how the universe's collapse will be forced by sapient life:

* Frank Tipler, "The Physics of Immortality, Threats to Terran

Society, & Self-Replicating Nanotechnology", First Annual Workshop on

Geoethical Nanotechnology (prod. co.: Terasem Movement, Inc.

[Melbourne Beach, Fla.]), run time: 33 min. Video of a lecture Tipler

gave at the Terasem Retreat in Lincoln, Vt. on July 20, 2005.

Frank-Tipler-Lecture-Terasem-Movement-2005-7-20.wmv , 263859603 bytes,

MD5: 89ee5241a3af7d14bae509bd12654642,

https://www.amazon.com/clouddrive/share/GUoS8vpITZymXX8xr20Io18BMdk6uf44toEipT0Sy2S

, https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B7k4r80Yepnxc0NoRzZVdEZILUk/edit ,

https://mega.nz/#!Li50GIAS!gD2qpTGri1kcCdp7LHmb94LGYsxGKC5fwJP4oeHW03o

.

Video file source:

* "Program for 1st Annual Workshop on Geoethical Nanotechnology",

Terasem Movement, July 20, 2005,

https://web.archive.org/web/20060521221138/http://www.terasemfoundation.org/program.htm

, https://webcitation.org/6FPIMiykv ;

https://web.archive.org/web/20070927000336/http://mfile3.akamai.com/12032/wmv/kurzweil.download.akamai.com/12032/terasem/Tiplerdsl.wmv

,

mms://a1415.v12032b.c12032.g.vm.akamaistream.net/7/1415/12032/v0001/kurzweil.download.akamai.com/12032/terasem/Tiplerdsl.wmv

.

Microsoft PowerPoint presentation:

* Frank Tipler, "The Universe's Acceleration Must Stop If Life Is to

Survive Forever", 10 pp.,

https://web.archive.org/web/20051109052948/http://www.terasemfoundation.org/webcast/ppt/Tipler.ppt

, https://webcitation.org/6FH8MuR3q .

Transcript of Prof. Tipler's above lecture:

* Frank Tipler and Ray Kurzweil, "The Physics of Immortality, Threats

to Terran Society, & Self-Replicating Nanotechnology, and An Exchange

Between Frank Tipler and Ray Kurzweil Regarding Ways to Avoid an End

to the Universe", Journal of Geoethical Nanotechnology, Vol. 1, No. 1

(1st quarter 2006); adapted from a lecture given by Frank Tipler at

the First Annual Workshop on Geoethical Nanotechnology on July 20,

2005; http://www.terasemjournals.org/GNJournal/GN0101/tipler_01a.html

, http://www.terasemjournals.org/GNJournal/GN0101/tipler_01g.html .

########################################

* Chauncy Glover, "Man says equation proves God exists", Action News

(WTEV-TV CBS 47 and WAWS Fox 30, Jacksonville, Fla.), May 17, 2010.

Frank-Tipler-CBS-47-WTEV-Fox-30-WAWS-2010-5-17.zip , 16320134 bytes,

MD5: 71cc1f4ddd1ddac493fea43f2facd63e,

https://www.amazon.com/clouddrive/share/7dyriRaBrMA1YDxuriXcMMwYZrunNNF0YYSLw1WU5xK

, https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B7k4r80YepnxLXpRY05PVWhuaWs/edit ,

https://mega.nz/#!CqomBAxR!xlS4RpuB-tRZGc05HvfCf1gDM-3pACmEklbNyZ4MQus

.

Note that the news article misattributes the statement "Everything in

here is correct and his interpretation of the equation is correct.

..." to Tipler, when in fact as the video of the report makes clear,

it was Prof. Paul Richard Simony, head of the Department of Physics at

Jacksonville University, who made this statement.

########################################

In the below video, Prof. Tipler's presentation starts at 41:32

min:sec and ends at 1:26:08 h:min:sec. Tipler's talk was part of the

Turing Church Online Workshop 2 (prod. co.: Turing Church

[turingchurch.com, telexlr8.wordpress.com]), held on December 11,

2011.

* "JH-MR-FT-RS Turing Church Online Workshop", telexlr8 (YouTube),

Dec. 12, 2011, run time: 2:09:16 h:min:sec.,

,

https://vimeo.com/33643521 .

The following video is an excerpt of Tipler's above presentation:

* "FT Turing Church Online Workshop", telexlr8 (YouTube), Dec. 13,

2011, run time: 21:47 min:sec.,

,

https://vimeo.com/33643414 .

Below is my commentary on the foregoing videos. The times given below

are for the shorter video above (i.e., the excerpt video).

----------

2:40 min:sec ff.: General Relativity is Newtonian mechanics made

consistent with the requirement that the speed of light is the same

for all observers. The speed of light being the same for all observers

is an automatic consequence of Maxwell's Equations, which was first

shown by Hendrik Lorentz and then Albert Einstein.

3:20 min:sec ff.: James Clerk Maxwell obtained his Equations because

there were five fundamental laws coming from experiment: Faraday's

Law; Gauss's Law; Ampère's Law; No Magnetic Monopoles; and

Conservation of Electric Charge. Maxwell realized that these laws were

mutually mathematically inconsistent: the Conservation of Electric

Charge directly contradicts Ampère's Law. So what Maxwell did was add

a term to Ampère's Law which made it consistent with the other

equations. Maxwell was left with only four equations, but the

Conservation of Electric Charge could be derived from them. However,

Maxwell's Equations meant that the speed of light had to be the same

for all observers.

4:10 min:sec ff.: Elie Cartan showed that in Newtonian mechanics,

gravity is curvature of time only; whereas in General Relativity,

gravity is curvature of space and time, i.e., spacetime (cf. Frank J.

Tipler, The Physics of Christianity [New York: Doubleday, 2007], p.

33; and pp. 79-80 of Frank J. Tipler, "Albert Einstein: A Scientific

Reactionary", pp. 73-83, in John Brockman [Ed.], My Einstein [New

York: Vintage Books, 2007; orig. pub. 2006]). When Lorentz and

Einstein's insight regarding the speed of light being the same for all

observers is combined with Newtonian mechanics, then the Newton

equations automatically become the Einstein equations.

5:05 min:sec ff.: Quantum Mechanics is a subset of Newtonian mechanics

in the most general form of Newtonian mechanics, called the

Hamilton-Jacobi Equation, as was independently shown by Lev Landau and

David Bohm.

Hence, there was no scientific revolution in the 20th century: what we

are in fact doing when we use General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics

is using subsets of Newtonian mechanics. Consequently, since all the

forces in nature have been described and made consistent with each

other (i.e., in the form of the Omega Point/Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg

quantum gravity/Standard Model TOE), we have a Theory of Everything

(TOE) in physics.

6:12 min:sec ff.: Tipler then goes on to show how the Omega Point

cosmology is forced by the known laws of physics.

13:30 min:sec ff.: Tipler discusses quantum indistinguishability,

which has been confirmed by many experiments.

18:56 min:sec ff.: There are still infinities in quantum field theory

which are not eliminated by renormalization, as has been known since

Freeman Dyson's work on this issue more than 50 years ago. However,

when one takes into account the requirement imposed by unitarity that

the universe must end in finite proper time, these nonrenormalizable

infinities in quantum field theory and in Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg

quantum gravity can be absorbed into the final singularity so that

they never appear within spacetime, whereas the typical boundary

conditions used by physicists make quantum field theory inconsistent

with observations.

19:50 min:sec ff.: Imposing the Hawking boundary conditions (i.e.,

that the universe must end in finite proper time in order to avoid the

violation of unitarity) on standard quantum field theory and standard

quantum gravity theory (i.e., the Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg theory of

quantum gravity) makes these theories fully mathematically consistent.

One thereby obtains a full theory of quantum gravity, of which quantum

gravity theory makes the Standard Model of particle physics fully

finite within spacetime, which means that with said

Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg quantum gravity theory and the Standard Model

of particle physics one has a full Theory of Everything in physics

which is fully mathematically consistent, is finite within spacetime,

and is in full agreement with experiment.

21:10 min:sec ff.: The Wheeler-DeWitt Equation is fully mathematically

consistent with Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg quantum gravity once the same

aforesaid boundary conditions are imposed.

########################################

The below audio interview of Prof. Frank Tipler by Casey Luskin for

the Intelligent Design the Future (ID the Future [IDTF];

http://idthefuture.com ) podcast was recorded circa February 11, 2013:

* "Part 1: Einstein Vs. Darwin", Feb. 13, 2013, run time: 17:25

min:sec,

http://intelligentdesign.podomatic.com/entry/index/2013-02-13T17_47_50-08_00

,

http://intelligentdesign.podomatic.com/enclosure/2013-02-13T17_47_50-08_00.mp3

, https://webcitation.org/6ER9vOCSX .

* "Part 2: Einstein Vs. Darwin", Feb. 15, 2013, run time: 13:54

min:sec,

http://intelligentdesign.podomatic.com/entry/index/2013-02-15T17_51_01-08_00

,

http://intelligentdesign.podomatic.com/enclosure/2013-02-15T17_51_01-08_00.mp3

, https://webcitation.org/6ESvK1hGX .

* "Part 3: Einstein Vs. Darwin", Feb. 20, 2013, run time: 10:43

min:sec,

http://intelligentdesign.podomatic.com/entry/index/2013-02-20T16_21_03-08_00

,

http://intelligentdesign.podomatic.com/enclosure/2013-02-20T16_21_03-08_00.mp3

, https://webcitation.org/6EaXBoyA7 .

* "Frank Tipler: Could Einstein Be Published Under Today's Peer-Review

Policies?", Feb. 27, 2013, run time: 13:44 min:sec,

http://intelligentdesign.podomatic.com/entry/index/2013-02-27T16_43_59-08_00

,

http://intelligentdesign.podomatic.com/enclosure/2013-02-27T16_43_59-08_00.mp3

, https://webcitation.org/6Elz3HRgg .

^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

James Redford, author of "Jesus Is an Anarchist", Social Science

Research Network (SSRN), Dec. 4, 2011 (orig. pub. Dec. 19, 2001),

doi:10.2139/ssrn.1337761, https://bit.ly/28RpKrS ,

http://theophysics.host56.com/anarchist-jesus.pdf ,

https://webcitation.org/66AF4TMv3

Theophysics: God Is the Ultimate Physicist (a website with information

on Prof. Frank J. Tipler's Omega Point Theorem and the quantum gravity

Theory of Everything [TOE]), https://archive.org/details/Theophysics ,

http://theophysics.host56.com , http://theophysics.epizy.com